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Calculating K.E

  1. Sep 22, 2009 #1
    Hi, I am trying to calculate Kinetic energy of system where a mass m(0.20 kilogram) attached at one ond of turntable rotating at 1 revolution per second. The radius of turntable is 6cm.
    Here I solve it, please correct

    Kinetic Energy = (1/2)mv2

    calculating velocity at 1 rpm, and radius = 6cm
    so for circumfrance of circle = 2*pi*r
    v = 2 * 3.14 * 6cm = 37.69 cm = 0.3769 meters/second

    K.E = 0.5 * 0.20 * 0.372 meters
    = 0.0136 Joules <=== Is this correct ?

    Any help will be appreciated.
    Thanks
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 22, 2009 #2
    You need to work out it's rotational kinetic energy.

    I = m*(r^2)

    I is the moment of inertia of a point mass rotating about a fixed point. Mass of turntable isn't mentioned so assume it is negligible.

    E = 0.5*I*(w^2)

    E is the energy of a rotating system, where w is angular frequency which is found by:

    w = 2*([tex]\pi[/tex])/T
     
  4. Sep 22, 2009 #3
    Hi . So If I get it right
    mass = 0.02Kg, radius = 6cm = 0.06 meter, frequency = 1 revolution per second
    KErotation = I * w2
    where w = angular velocity = 2 * pi * f , where f = frequency in revolutions per second.
    I = m * r2
    K.E rotation = m * r2 * ( 2 * pi * 1)2
    = 0.02 * 0.062 * (2*pi*1)
    = 2.841 * 10-3 Joules

    If this is correct, then how do we equate in the mass of turn table (e.g 0.5 Kg) into equation ? Cause rotational kinetic energy deals with point mass around rotation axis, where as a turn table alone has uniform mass distribution along its surface ?

    Any help will be appreciated.
    Thanks
     
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