(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

There is a solenoid, with field B at its center, radius r, length L and maximum current I. Calculate the minimum number of turns the solenoid must have.

2. Relevant equations

Ampere's Law: (closed)∫B[itex]\cdot[/itex]dl=[itex]\mu[/itex]I

n=N/L

Biot-Savart: B=[itex]\mu[/itex]IN/(2[itex]\pi[/itex]r

3. The attempt at a solution

Solving Ampere's Law gives you BL=[itex]\mu[/itex]IN and so N=BL/([itex]\mu[/itex]I).

My question is why can't this same solution be found by solving with Biot-Savart, which is used for coils, according to my book? In that case, my answer is N=2Br/([itex]\mu[/itex]I), and thus is off by a factor of 2r/L, or the diameter over the length of the solenoid.

Can someone please explain this to me? Thank you!

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# Homework Help: Calculating Magnetic Fields in Solenoids vs. Current Loops and Coils

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