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Calculating Magnetic Fields in Solenoids vs. Current Loops and Coils

  1. Mar 25, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    There is a solenoid, with field B at its center, radius r, length L and maximum current I. Calculate the minimum number of turns the solenoid must have.


    2. Relevant equations
    Ampere's Law: (closed)∫B[itex]\cdot[/itex]dl=[itex]\mu[/itex]I
    n=N/L
    Biot-Savart: B=[itex]\mu[/itex]IN/(2[itex]\pi[/itex]r


    3. The attempt at a solution
    Solving Ampere's Law gives you BL=[itex]\mu[/itex]IN and so N=BL/([itex]\mu[/itex]I).

    My question is why can't this same solution be found by solving with Biot-Savart, which is used for coils, according to my book? In that case, my answer is N=2Br/([itex]\mu[/itex]I), and thus is off by a factor of 2r/L, or the diameter over the length of the solenoid.

    Can someone please explain this to me? Thank you!
     
    Last edited: Mar 25, 2012
  2. jcsd
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