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Calculation of energy bands using NFE

  1. Nov 5, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Consider a square lattice in two-dimensions with crystal potential
    [itex] U = -4UCos[\frac{2\pi x}{a}]Cos[\frac{2\pi y}{a}] [/itex]
    Apply the central field equation to find approximately the energy gap at the corner point [itex] (\frac{\pi}{a},\frac{\pi}{a}) [/itex] of the Brillouin zone. It will suffice to solve a 2 x 2 determinantal equation.


    2. Relevant equations
    The central field equation is
    [itex] (\frac{\hbar ^{2} k^{2}}{2m}-E)C(k)+\sum U_{G}C(K-G) [/itex]


    3. The attempt at a solution
    I know that to solve this problem, we need to know the Fourier co-efficient of U(x,y) and the energy gap is 2|U_G|.
    However, my calculated Fourier co-efficients are coming out to be really complicated and I'm not able to simplify it.

    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data



    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
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