1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Calculus - taking the limit type questions

  1. Apr 18, 2005 #1
    1.)
    Take the limit as x approaches infinite...

    Square root of 4x^2 + 1 / 2x-3
    umm so i really dont know where to start this..i was gonna multiply the numerator and denomenator by 1/x, but i dunno what the numerator would be then..

    and for number 2.)

    Take teh limit as x approaches negative infinite:
    3x/square root of x^2 + 6 (i hope you guys know wht i mean by that!)

    Anyways for this one i multiplied numerator and denominator by 1/x and got a final answer of 3, but the answer in teh back says -3..i just dont understand that part and where it changes to a negative..
    thanks so much guys!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 18, 2005 #2

    dextercioby

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    So the first is

    [tex] \lim_{x\rightarrow +\infty} \frac{\sqrt{4x^{2}+1}}{2x-3} [/tex]

    HINT:Factor "2x" from both,simplify & take the limit then.

    For the second,switch the limit to [itex]+\infty [/itex] and then do the same trick...

    Daniel.
     
  4. Apr 18, 2005 #3

    Ouabache

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    That is a great idea, I would also HINT that factoring out 2x from within the square root implies actually factoring out [tex] 4x^2 [/tex] out from the term under the root [tex] 4x^2 +1 [/tex]
     
  5. Apr 18, 2005 #4

    dextercioby

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Yes,i thought and hoped that this itsy-bitsy detail was obvious to the OP.

    Daniel.
     
  6. Apr 18, 2005 #5

    Ouabache

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    For the 2nd part, you won't need to change the sign of the limit to [itex]+\infty [/itex]. It is a good idea, to use the same approach as suggested for the 1st question. Here's my HINT: remember, if you factor out a term to an odd power, when you take the limit, the sign of [itex]-\infty [/itex] will remain, as you cancel terms from the numerator and denominator.
     
    Last edited: Apr 18, 2005
  7. Apr 18, 2005 #6

    dextercioby

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    I didn't say he needed that.It was just a suggestion.I hate limits to [itex] -\infty [/itex].

    Daniel.
     
  8. Apr 18, 2005 #7

    Ouabache

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    The solution in the book is -3.
    How do you find that solution with the limit [itex] +\infty [/itex] :confused:
     
  9. Apr 18, 2005 #8

    aek

    User Avatar

    Hey buddy, im abiding by the physics forum rules,
    SHOW ME YOUR WORK
    then i might help.
    :)
     
  10. Apr 18, 2005 #9

    Tom Mattson

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    She did show her work. Just read the opening post.
     
  11. Apr 18, 2005 #10

    dextercioby

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper


    Make the substitution

    [tex] x=-u [/tex]

    Daniel.
     
  12. Apr 18, 2005 #11
    I agree. Aek, you are taking your anger out on someone who was unlrelated to your ridiculous argument. Yell at the people who it involved, or better yet, if you're not going to help anyone, please just stop posting.
     
  13. Apr 18, 2005 #12
    Addressing the original question, couldn't you use L'Hopital's Rule? The x's have equal "power" once you apply to squareroot on top, so shouldn't the helpful rule apply when this is in indeterminant form?
     
  14. Apr 18, 2005 #13

    Ouabache

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    When I try a direct application of L'Hopital's rule on Ques 1 & 2, it yields more complicated terms. So I am not picturing what you are trying to suggest.. Can you post your thought process using math? :confused:
     
  15. Apr 18, 2005 #14
    okay thanks a lot you guys! i got the first one! still kinda working on the second one though...maybe we didn't get that far in the lesson yet but when you guys say change the negative infinite to a positive..how do i do that? and what happens to teh rest of the equation?
     
  16. Apr 18, 2005 #15

    dextercioby

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    [tex] \lim_{x\rightarrow -\infty} f(x) [/tex]

    under the change of variable

    [tex]x=-u [/tex]

    becomes

    [tex] \lim_{u\rightarrow +\infty} f(u) [/tex]

    Daniel.
     
  17. Apr 18, 2005 #16

    Ouabache

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    As I mentioned above, for 2nd part, you won't need to change the sign of the limit to [itex]+\infty [/itex] You can still use the same approach you used on the 1st question.

    Remember, if you factor out a term (e.g. x) which is raised to an odd power; when you take the limit, the sign of [itex] -\infty [/itex] will remain as you cancel terms from the numerator and denominator.

    There is nothing strange about working with [itex] -\infty [/itex], dex just likes doing a little extra work :biggrin:
     
    Last edited: Apr 18, 2005
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?



Similar Discussions: Calculus - taking the limit type questions
  1. AP Calculus: Limits (Replies: 1)

  2. Calculus Question (Replies: 13)

  3. Calculus Question (Replies: 10)

Loading...