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Homework Help: Can anyone see how to solve this series

  1. Apr 17, 2009 #1
    i need to say prove that the following converges with n from 1 to infinity

    Σ((-1)n-1)*((lnp(n)))/n) (p>0)

    first thing i see here is integration, so i can tell if the series of absolute values converges or not, if it does then i know that my original series must converge.


    so i have an integral from 0 to infinity of

    tp dt

    which is a simple integration and i find that the absolute values' series diverges which tells me that my series may conditionally converge if
    lim an =0 (which it is)
    and an>a(n+1) which it is not since the series keeps on rising in its absolute value, because of "p".

    so how do i prove that the series converges?
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 17, 2009 #2


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    1) Note that your integral runs from 1 to infinity, not from 0
    2) The convergence of the integral depends on the value of p
    3) If I read your post correctly you think you have shown that it always diverges, so why are you asking for a proof that it converges?
  4. Apr 17, 2009 #3
    1) the original integral(dx) would have been from 1 to infinity, but after substitution(t=lnx) it runs from ln(1) which is 0
    2)originally i also thought that the convergence depends on p, but it is given that p>0, and for any p, (lnx)^p/x is smaller than 1, not sure that it depends on p, plus the answer in the book is independant of p
    3) i have shown that Σ|An| diverges, but that does not mean that ΣAn diverges necessarily, that is sort of the whole question, how do i find if it does or doesnt
  5. Apr 17, 2009 #4


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    Right, I'm sorry, I completely missed your point apparently...

    So you have shown that there is no absolute convergence for any p, the question is then if there is conditional convergence, right?
    I think the Leibniz test may help you with that.
  6. Apr 17, 2009 #5
    i also thought that, only that i have no way of proving that an>an+1, in fact i think that an is not necessarily bigger than an+1,
    for small n's, an is even smaller than an+1, for example a(1)=0 a(2)>0 because of ln,

    is it enough to say that for n->inf, an>an+1 and so the seires conditionally converges, for smaller n's it really depends on p, but for very large, infinite, n- ln(n)^p is always smaller than n,
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