# Can I use a lookup table to determine helium diffusion through silicon?

• kawikdx225
In summary, it will take about 55 hours for a He atom to diffuse through a 1mm diameter silicon sphere at 20°C.
kawikdx225
Hello all,
I need to know the rate at which Helium will diffuse through a solid, specifically silicon. Assume I accelerate and implant a He+ ion into a bulk silicon substrate. How long will it take to diffuse out of the silicon? I know it will depend on the temp of Si and the depth of penetration but is there a lookup table or formula I could use?

Thanks

I'm guessing this is either for a pre-amorphization step or for gettering transition metals from Si, by creating nanocavities below the surface.

For a 30 keV beam at a density of about 10^17 ions/cm^2, a typical anneal profile is 900C for 1 hr.

I do not know of any tables to look up, but I can tell you the following :

1. The minimum anneal temperature is 700C.

2. If you are gettering metals by making nanocavities, these are not stable over 1200C, so that sets an upper limit.

3. The required anneal time is only a weak function of the ion density. It is a stronger function of the implantation depth (or the ion KE) and the anneal temperature. If you can not find tables, you can crudely extrapolate from the single data point, using some simplistic model for gas diffusion in a solid.

Gokul43201 said:
I'm guessing this is either for a pre-amorphization step or for gettering transition metals from Si, by creating nanocavities below the surface.
The implantation of He into Si is a side effect of our tool that we are trying to characterize.

Gokul43201 said:
For a 30 keV beam at a density of about 10^17 ions/cm^2, a typical anneal profile is 900C for 1 hr.
This is done at room temperature with a 40KeV He+ ion.

Gokul43201 said:
I do not know of any tables to look up, but I can tell you the following :

1. The minimum anneal temperature is 700C.

2. If you are gettering metals by making nanocavities, these are not stable over 1200C, so that sets an upper limit.

3. The required anneal time is only a weak function of the ion density. It is a stronger function of the implantation depth (or the ion KE) and the anneal temperature. If you can not find tables, you can crudely extrapolate from the single data point, using some simplistic model for gas diffusion in a solid.
There is no annealing and we sure hope there are no nanocavities created by this process lol.

Lets assume I have a silicon sphere at 20C with a diameter of 1mm and I place a single He atom at the center. I need to know how long will it take for the He atom to diffuse through the silicon.

Try this reference - http://scitation.aip.org/getabs/servlet/GetabsServlet?prog=normal&id=JCPSA6000041000004001018000001&idtype=cvips&gifs=yes

At 20°C, I doubt the He atom would diffuse, at least thermally. It might move with dislocation glide, but this requires application of stress.

As Gokul alludes to, there is usually a threshold temperature, however I am not sure what it might be.

Are you working with polycrystalline or amorphous Si?

Last edited by a moderator:
kawikdx225 said:
This is done at room temperature with a 40KeV He+ ion.
At this energy, I suspect you might make nanocavities unless you do a subsequent high temperature anneal.

There is no annealing and we sure hope there are no nanocavities created by this process lol.
Uh oh...I can keep my fingers crossed, but that's not likely to help much.

Lets assume I have a silicon sphere at 20C with a diameter of 1mm and I place a single He atom at the center. I need to know how long will it take for the He atom to diffuse through the silicon.
At 900C, if the diffusion time is of order 1 hour, then at 20C the diffusion time will be of order 55 hrs !

Try looking at the Defect and Diffusion Forum website. This journal has been collecting data on diffusion in silicon since the 1960s!

## 1. What is "He diffusion through solids"?

"He diffusion through solids" refers to the process by which helium atoms move through a solid material, such as a crystal or mineral. This phenomenon plays an important role in various scientific fields, including geology, materials science, and nuclear physics.

## 2. Why is "He diffusion through solids" important?

Understanding the mechanisms of "He diffusion through solids" is crucial for accurately dating geological materials, such as rocks and minerals. It is also important for studying the behavior of materials under high pressure and temperature conditions, as well as for developing new technologies that involve the use of helium.

## 3. How does "He diffusion through solids" occur?

There are two main mechanisms by which helium atoms can diffuse through solids: vacancy diffusion and interstitial diffusion. In vacancy diffusion, the helium atoms move through empty spaces, or vacancies, in the crystal structure. In interstitial diffusion, the helium atoms occupy spaces between the atoms in the crystal lattice.

## 4. What factors affect "He diffusion through solids"?

The rate of "He diffusion through solids" can be influenced by a variety of factors, including temperature, pressure, grain size of the material, and the presence of defects in the crystal structure. Different materials also have different diffusion coefficients, which can impact the rate of helium diffusion.

## 5. How is "He diffusion through solids" studied?

Scientists use a variety of techniques to study "He diffusion through solids", including diffusion experiments, computer simulations, and analytical methods such as nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. These methods allow researchers to understand the fundamental principles of helium diffusion and its applications in different fields.

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