Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Can somebody name every type of STD

  1. Aug 6, 2005 #1
    Can somebody name every type of STD because I wanted to get tested for all of them just in case I had any. I guess STDs are different from other diseases because they're only transmitted during sex or something? If people are going to get tested for HIV/Aids they need to be tested twice for accurate results right?

    Apparently this is the full list of STDS:

    Amebiasis
    * Bacterial Vaginosis
    * Campylobacter Fetus
    * Candidiasis
    * Chancroid
    * Chlamydia
    * Condyloma Acuminata
    * Cytomegalovirus
    * Enteric Infections
    * Genital Mycoplasmas
    * Genital Warts (HPV)
    * Giardiasis
    * Gonorrhea
    * Granuloma Inguinale
    * Hepatitis (Serum and others?)
    * Herpes
    * HIV Disease
    * Lymphogranuloma Venereum
    * Molluscum Contagiosum
    * Pediculosis Pubis
    * Pubic Lice (Crabs)
    * Salmonella
    * Scabies
    * Shingellosis
    * Syphilis
    * Trichomoniasis
    * Yeast Infection
    * Vaginitis

    What other ways can you get these, and has anyone/will anyone actually get tested for all of them?

    Also, which ones are treatable/curable (Without just a lack of symptoms) and which ones arent?

    Are people born with any of them? (By having them transmitted through the mother)

    Do you think high schools should have mandatory testing for STDs?
     
    Last edited: Aug 7, 2005
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 6, 2005 #2

    Evo

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    It is very doubtful anyone will be tested for all of these as they are so varied.

    Most of these are curable, or at least treatable. I've never heard of salmonella or hepatitis as an STD, but I know at least serum hepatitis could be transmitted this way. (hepatitis affects the liver) I don't consider scabies or lice to be STD's either. Normal physical contact transmits them, not specifically the act of sex.

    Herpes can be transmitted to a newborn if the mother has an active infection. HIV can also be passed on. Not sure about the others.

    It would be a good idea, but since they are minors and a lot of parents refuse to believe that their children are sexually active, it probably won't happen.

    You need to talk to your doctor. They usually will test according to symptoms. Here in the US, insurance may not pay for tests without symptoms, not sure where you live.
     
    Last edited: Aug 6, 2005
  4. Aug 6, 2005 #3
    if you have never had symptoms, and have gone to the dr. regularly, i dont see why you would possibly want to get tested for every std...

    and even if you wanted to, how could you? if you're female, then i guess cultures could be done but what's the point? each test is very specific, and expensive...the non-viral std's are simply treated with antibiotics or antifungals (depending upon which std it is), so why not just go ahead and take those medications if it bothers you that much.
     
  5. Aug 7, 2005 #4
    I got the list from here:

    http://www.healthac.org/stdlist.html

    I've never had symptoms or anything, I guess I just wanted to find out more.

    Should there be any more STDs added to the list?

    Thanks
     
    Last edited: Aug 7, 2005
  6. Aug 7, 2005 #5
    i wouldn't worry about it...most non-viral stds are harmless (if treated) anyway.

    you would easily be looking at >$10,000 in testing
     
  7. Aug 7, 2005 #6

    Monique

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    Most can be out ruled based on symptoms (or the lack of them). Some are hard to diagnose so you can ask for a check up. Ask your doctor what is included.
     
  8. Aug 7, 2005 #7

    iansmith

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    As you mention Hepatitis B can be transmitted sexually and it is consider one of the common STD. It probably to most likely route of infection since you would require either blood transfution in other cases.

    Salmonella would transmitted due to fecal contamination. There several other bacteria and protozoan that are transmitted due to fecal contamination.
     
  9. Aug 7, 2005 #8

    Kerrie

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Gold Member

    Therian, I would also guess that you wouldn't have to be tested for every STD, as some occur in women only (such as vaginitis). Please correct me if I am wrong though! :surprised
     
  10. Aug 7, 2005 #9

    Monique

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    I think the bacteria or yeast can be transmitted though the male and cause re-current infections if the male isn't treated at the same time as the female, but it is not a recommended routine treatment.
     
  11. Aug 7, 2005 #10
    They are all basically right that you don't need to worry about the tests without the symptoms, except for an HIV test. This is important because you won't have symptoms until you actually have AIDs and it's too late. You could also spread it to people without knowing so I would reccommend at least an occasional HIV test to people who really get around alot. They have home pregnancy tests and home drug tests now, do they or will they one day have home HIV tests?

    As far as Hepatitus B, you should be immunized/inoculated and if not you may want to consider it.

    In terms of requiring tests in high schools, I think that is a bad idea. They already are trying to get drug tests implemented in school and I think this sends a bad message to the kids who don't have these problems.

    edit: Nevermind this paragraph I just deleted it was wrong
     
  12. Aug 7, 2005 #11

    Moonbear

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    It really would be a waste to get tested for EVERY one of those, especially since C. fetus is a disease common to cattle. Only immunocompromised people are likely to be susceptible to that infection.

    Some of those on your list aren't sexually transmitted diseases, but can spread through casual skin contact: scabies and Mulluscum contagiosum (I had to look that one up as I never heard of it http://dermatology.cdlib.org/92/reviews/molluscum/diven.html). While crabs is typically considered sexually transmitted, it can also be passed the same way any lice can be passed, such as through sharing towels. And yeast infections can develop without sexual contact, such as following antibiotic treatments that kill off the bacteria that keep the yeast in check or wearing damp clothing, such as bathing suits, too long, although they can be spread via sexual contact. I've definitely never heard of salmonella being a sexually transmitted disease (maybe if you're a chicken it is, but it's a food-borne disease in humans). Shigellosis (not shingellosis) is one of those bacteria transmitted via unsanitary food preparation (when food becomes contaminated by fecal matter, either carried by flies or from food handlers who don't wash their hands :yuck:). Giardiasis is an intestinal disease spread usually via contaminated water (including swimming pools and hot tubs), and through sources such as dirty diapers (changing a baby infected with it) or dirty diaper changing tables (day care workers are pretty high risk for catching this)...you'd know if you had this because it's a diarrheal disease.

    If you're concerned that you've had unprotected or otherwise risky sexual contact, discuss it with your doctor. If you are asymptomatic for anything, your doctor will likely choose to only test you for a few of the most common STDs that more frequently produce asymptomatic infections (i.e., chlamydia) or that are dangerous to diagnose late (i.e., syphilis). There'd be little reason to test for something like Granuloma inguinale if you live in the US and have no symptoms or contact with anyone from the tropics, as there are only about 100 cases reported in the US per year. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000636.htm
     
  13. Aug 7, 2005 #12

    iansmith

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    I'll agree that some of the organism listed are not that common but there is litterature on it. You also have to count anal-oral route and anal-vaginal/penis route for people that do not have protection or may not use the best hygene strategies. There's usually a few example of more frequent infection in some introduction microbiology or medical microbiology books.

    Salmonella infection:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...d&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12830419&query_hl=2

    Shigella infection
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...d&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15307964&query_hl=8

    Protoza
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...med&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=197277&query_hl=8

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...d&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=2011632&query_hl=12

    If anybody reads german
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...ed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=3893964&query_hl=2
     
    Last edited: Aug 8, 2005
  14. Aug 7, 2005 #13
    I think candidiasis is another word for/manifestation of yeast infection (a more specific diagnosis indicating the Candida genus, and possibly - not sure - indicating a systemic infection which means it has progressed past an early stage and is infecting multiple organs within your body.)

    Candidiasis could be transmitted sexually or otherwise, example you may carry some Candida in your intestines "normally," and antibiotics that kill off your normal gut bactiera can allow the Candida to flourish.
     
  15. Aug 8, 2005 #14

    Moonbear

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    Diabetics also are susceptible to Candida infection, at least when the diabetes is uncontrolled.
     
  16. Aug 8, 2005 #15

    Moonbear

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    I would argue that any communicable disease can be transmitted during intimate contact associated with sex, but that doesn't make it a sexually transmitted disease. An STD would be something that isn't likely to spread by any other means aside from sexual contact. Afterall, if you caught the flu from your sexual partner, would you call flu a sexually transmitted disease?
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?



Similar Discussions: Can somebody name every type of STD
  1. Fractions' names! (Replies: 4)

  2. Somebody explain (Replies: 17)

  3. Every month (Replies: 32)

  4. Biological names (Replies: 3)

Loading...