altecsonyc
Can Someone please help me with this problem! I need some hints how to solve this problem, i am already stuck on part A :(.
This is my practice assignment for the final coming up next 2 weeks. Unfortunately, the professor does not provide solution.

THE PICTURE OF THIS PROBLEM IS ILLUSTRATED BY THE LINK BELOW.

Starting from the initial position (the origin of the coordinate system) a cart with a mass of 2000 kg is accelerated from the initial velocity zero by acceleration a1 which is uniform over a segment of 40 m. Following this segment, the cart proceeds through a turn (20 m radius), is then accelerated again over a segment of 10 m length, coasts toward the top of a hill where its velocity is near zero. The cart then rolls down to ground level, through a circular valley (radius 10 m) and along a straight segment of 2 m length, before leaving the track in free fight, initially inclined at 45 degree. In order to ensure a safe landing, an angular impulse is exerted on the cart just before leaving the track, causing the cart to rotate by a constant angular velocity w, during the flight. This rotation is necessary to have the cart axis aligned with the track at the landing point. Departure and landing occur at the same vertical position. On a short segment of 5 m the cart is decelerated by a3, before coasting through the second turn (20 m radius) and it is further decelerated uniformly (a4) over the final 30 m to come to a full stop at the origin of the coordinate system.

Determine the following design parameters:
a) Appropriate accelerations a1, a2, to meet the following requirements:
_ The cart must come to a stop on top of the hill.
_ The magnitude of the acceleration through the first turn must not be larger than 3g.
b) The coordinates of the point where the cart departs into free flight.
c) The velocity of the cart at the point of departure.
d) The coordinates of the landing point and the flight path angle (_2) at that point.
e) The duration of the flight, and the angular velocity w which is required to have the cart aligned with the track at landing.
f) The velocity of the cart as it reaches ground level (just before the 5m deceleration segment).
g) Appropriate accelerations a3, a4, to meet the following requirements:
_ The cart must come to a full stop at the origin of the coordinate system.
_ The magnitude of the acceleration through the second turn must not be larger than 3g.
h) The duration of the entire ride.

http://img355.imageshack.us/img355/11/pic2jf.jpg [Broken]

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HallsofIvy
Homework Helper
What have you done? What have you tried yourself?

altecsonyc
For part A.
Knowing V0=0, X-X0=40=X1, X2=10
I have (V1)^2=(V0)^2 + 2*(a1)(X-X0)
(V1)^2= 2*(a1)*(X1)

and on top of the loop V = 0

SO m*g*h = 1/2*m*(V3)^2
(V3)^2 = 2*g*h
(V3)^2 = V2^2 + 2(a2)*(X2)

V1 = V2 (since, it's circular uniform)
Ac = V^2/R

I am stuck here, i dont know how to find the a2 and a1, and V2. I think, im missing something, i have 2 equations with 3 unknows..but i tried for many hours and still couldn't figure it out.

Thank you

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Fermat
Homework Helper
Your two eqns in 3 unknowns reduce down to one eqn in two unknowns - a1 and a2.
So, theorectically, you can have an inifinite number of solutions!

Practically, however there are a number of constraints. One of them being that the centripetal accln must be no greater than 3g.
This puts a limit on possible values for a1
Since the number of choices for a1 and a2 are still infinite, your problem now is to select two values appropriate to your design of an amusement park joy-ride.

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altecsonyc
But, is my concept correct for part A? I feel like i didn't do it right. B/c, i do think that Ac= V^2/R still have not use yet. I believe it has something to do with the V2 somehow.

altecsonyc
Oh, i have thought about the 3g think.
so the acceleration through the first turn must not be larger than 3g.
SO

A = 3g =< sqrt(At ^2 + Ac^2)

but At = (V1)^2 / (2*X1)
Ac = (V1)^2/ R

solve for V1, and V1=V2

Does this make sense?

Fermat
Homework Helper
altecsonyc said:
... Does this make sense? ...
Sorry, but not yet

altecsonyc said:
... A = 3g =< sqrt(At ^2 + Ac^2) ...
I imagine that At is the accln called a1 in your attachment, for the motion along the 1st 40 m. But the eqn doesnt seem to make sense!

You should have two eqns of motion - one for the 40m stretch and one for the 10m stretch. Have you got those?

Fermat
Homework Helper
Fermat said:
... Have you got those?
Ah yes, of course you have, looking back at post #3.
What you need now is.

Ac = V^2/R

what you need now is a value for Ac, then eliminate V2 (or v1, depending on how you used V1 = V2)

I's up to you to choose a suitable value for Ac.

altecsonyc
So you're saying this does not make sense at all?

A = 3g <= sqrt(At ^2 + Ac^2)

but At = (V1)^2 / (2*X1)
Ac = (V1)^2/ R

then substitute At, and Ac back into
A = 3g <= sqrt(At ^2 + Ac^2)

solve for V1, we know that V1=V2

SO on top of the hill,
m*g*h = 1/2*m*(V3)^2
(V3)^2 = 2*g*h
(V3)^2 = V2^2 + 2(a2)*(X2)

Solve for a2, and a1 can be found using (V1)^2 = 2*(a1)*(x1)

Fermat
Homework Helper
At = (V1)^2 / (2*X1)
(V1)^2 = 2*(a1)*(x1)
Are you saying that At is the same as a1 ?

altecsonyc
well that is my assumption, a1 = at (the tangential acceleration when it enters the curve)

But, if the cart is decreasing at a constant speed. Then, can it be that the tangential acceleration = 0 (for the whole turn)?

So then a = Ac=V1^2/R

and with the givin "a" must not be greater than 3g

so 3g >= V1^2R

Solve for V1, and V1=V2.

:( i dont know, i'm confused now.

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Fermat
Homework Helper
The cart accelerates through the 1st 40m at a1.
It then travels at constant velocity around the turn.
It then accelerates at a2 along the 10m stretch.

I don't think, from reading your very first post about the problem that any (tranverse) accln is involved in travelling around the turn.

I would say that only radial accln, Ac, is involved, with Ac = V2/r².

Also, since we are asuming that V2 = V1, then there can't be any tranverse accln.

altecsonyc
I agree,
V1 = V2 assumption
So then, a = Ac = V2^2/r

From here, i must pic a value for Ac ( must be < 3g)

then solve for V2,

is this right?

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Fermat
Homework Helper
substitute for V3, then get a2 in terms of V2, yes.

altecsonyc
Hmm, can you type that out Fermat?

I am a bit confused here

Fermat
Homework Helper
v1² = 2a1.x1 ---------------------(1)

Ac = v2²/r -----------------------(2)

v3² = v2² + 2a2.x2 ---------------(3)

v3² = 2gh (h=30m) ---------------(4)

v1 = v2 --------------------------(5)

use (3) and (4) to eliminate V3. Call this eqn (6)

Substitute for v2² = Ac.r in (6), call this (7)

Set Ac = 2g, say and solve (7) for a2.

Solve for a1 and v1 and v2.

Adjust the value of Ac to give appropriate/good values for the other design parameters. viz a1,a2,v1,v2

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altecsonyc
Thank you for your kindess, Fermat.

I will continue work on the other parts. If i have questions, is it possible for me to ask you again? I am sorry for asking too many questions

Fermat
Homework Helper
no problem.

altecsonyc
Can you guys help me double check part B, C. I don't if this is correct.

B)

L1= 2*cos45 + 10*sin45
h= 10(1-cos45) + 2*sin45

C)

T1=0
T2=1/2*m*Vdepart^2

Work: U1-2 = mgH'
H' = 30 - h

T1 + U1-2 = T2

mgH' = 1/2*m*Vdepart^2

Vdepart = Squrt(2gH')

Thanks

Fermat
Homework Helper
Yes. Those results, for L1 and Vdepart are correct.

I assume you're using the symbols T1 and T2 to mean the kinectic energy at the top of the hill and at the take-off point.

altecsonyc
:D,
Thank you for your kindness, Fermat.

Fermat
Homework Helper
Hi altecsonyc,

I can't answer your pm because it seems as if you have disabled receiving pm's, or simply not enabled them.
Could you enable receiving pm's?

Thanks

Fermat