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Car passing Truck

  1. Jan 24, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    The driver of a car wishes to pass a truck that is traveling at a constant speed of 20m/s. Initially, the car is also travelling at 20m/s and its front bumper is 24m behind the trucks rear bumper. the car accelerates at a constant 0.600 m/s^2 , then pulls back into the trucks lane when the rear of the car is 26m ahead of the trucks front. the car is 4.5m long and the truck is 21m long.
    a.) how much time is required for the car to pass the truck?

    2. Relevant equations

    x=xo+vo*t+1/2*a*t^(2)

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Car:

    xc=xo+vo*t+1/2*a*t^(2)
    xc=20m/s*t + 0.300m/s^(2)*t^(2)

    Truck:

    xt=xo+vo*t+1/2*a*t^(2)
    xt=49.5m+20m/s*t

    xt=xc

    49.5m+20m/s*t=20m/s*t + 0.300m/s^(2)*t^(2)

    I get t=12.8 seconds but the answer is 15.9seconds. What did I do wrong?
    I equated the equations to find out when they are both at the same position.
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data



    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 24, 2013 #2
    Here's how I would do it:

    Treat the rear of the car as x0. The total distance it has to cover is its own length, plus the 24m, plus 21m (length of truck) plus the additional 26m before it pulls into the truck's lane.

    Now initially they're travelling at the same constant velocity so you can treat it as if they're both initially at rest. So then all you have to solve is:

    [tex]x_f=\frac{1}{2}at^2[/tex]
    [tex]75.5=0.3t^2[/tex]

    Which should give the desired answer.
     
  4. Jan 24, 2013 #3

    tms

    User Avatar

    Where did the 49.5 come from?

    You'll find it a little easier to work in the truck frame, so you can ignore it's motion, and set the car's initial speed to zero.
     
  5. Jan 25, 2013 #4
    I set my origin at the rear of the car, which is how I got 49.5m for the truck. Can you explain more on working the problem in the trucks frame? Thanks!
     
  6. Jan 25, 2013 #5

    tms

    User Avatar

    Choose the frame in which the truck is at rest. Since it is travelling at a constant speed, it stays at rest in that frame, so it can basically be ignored. Since the car and truck start at the same speed, it also starts at rest in that frame.

    Using such a frame just makes the calculations a bit easier.
     
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