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Cartesian vectors

  1. Sep 23, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Hibbeler14.ch2.p92.jpg

    Express force F(AB) in cartesian vector form

    Mastering engineering.com says to check my signs but I don't an see an issue. Please help!

    2. Relevant equations


    3. The attempt at a solution

    A(0, -.75, 3) B(2cos40, 2sin40, 0) C(2,-1, 0)

    r(
    AB)= 1.53i +2.04j-3k
    r(magnitude)= 3.94

    u(ab)= .388i + .518j - 3k
    F(AB)= 97i +130j - 190k
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 23, 2016 #2

    TSny

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    Your work looks correct to me. (You have a typo in the z-component of the unit vector u.)
     
  4. Sep 23, 2016 #3

    andrewkirk

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    What is the question?
     
  5. Sep 23, 2016 #4

    TSny

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    It's just below the figure.
     
  6. Sep 23, 2016 #5
    Masteringengineering.com says to check my signs. I do not see anything wrong with them. We are asked to express the force F(AB) as a cartesian vector.
     
  7. Sep 23, 2016 #6

    andrewkirk

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    Ah - I was fooled by the bold text. Because of the template format, I just automatically process anything in bold in these questions as a heading and it doesn't even register on my consciousness.
     
  8. Sep 24, 2016 #7
    So, what do you think?
     
  9. Sep 24, 2016 #8

    gneill

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    Your results look fine. I might have rounded the results a bit differently, but your signs are certainly correct.
     
  10. Sep 24, 2016 #9
    Thank you!
     
  11. Sep 24, 2016 #10
    How would you have rounded it. The site is now telling me I have a rounding error. I went through my numbers again and went out to 100 thousandths place. The only change I get is that i=97.1?
     
  12. Sep 24, 2016 #11

    gneill

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    Now that I've looked again at the problem statement I can see that there's a bit of a question about how many significant figures to use. Many of the distances are given as a single digit with no decimal indicated, but at least one has two decimal places (0.75 m). So do we round to one significant figure or assume that the single digit numbers were really measured to two decimals of accuracy but were shown as single digits for aesthetic reasons on the figure?

    My own choice would be to round to two significant figures as you've done in your first post, but there's an argument to be made for rounding to one sig fig!
     
  13. Sep 24, 2016 #12
    The problem says to round to 3 sig-figs and I entered 97.1i +130j -190k
     
  14. Sep 24, 2016 #13

    gneill

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    Okay then. What were your unrounded results to three decimals?
     
  15. Sep 24, 2016 #14
    97.1475I + 129.53j - 190.485k
     
  16. Sep 24, 2016 #15

    gneill

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    Did you round or truncate any of your intermediate results to five or fewer digits? I'm seeing slightly different values that could affect your rounding to three figures.

    Generally I keep all intermediate values to full precision in calculator memory (or let a software package hold them in variables) and only round for presentation. This prevents rounding and truncation errors from creeping into the significant figure zone.

    Before rounding and to three decimals I'm seeing values: 97.316; 129.297; -190.556
     
  17. Sep 24, 2016 #16
    ok. I got it. Guess I better play it safe and don't round till the end huh. Thanks so much!
     
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