# Casimir operator in su(2)

## Main Question or Discussion Point

Hi all,

If I define Tij = a+i aj, then

C2 = T11T11 + T12T21 + T21T12 + T22T22 is a second order casimir operator.

For SU(2), it's $$\frac{N}{2}$$ ($$\frac{N}{2}$$ + 1)

But as I calculate it directly,
C2 = a+1 a1a+1 a1 + a+1 a2a+2 a1 + a+2 a1a+1 a1 + a+2 a2a+2 a2 =
a+1 a1a+1 a1 + a+1 (a+2a2 + 1)a1 + a+2 (a+1a1 + 1)a2 + a+2 a2a+2 a2 =
N1N1 + N1(N2 + 1) + N2(N1 + 1) + N2N2 = (N1 + N2)2 + N1 + N2 = N(N + 1)

which is different from above. Can you let me know what is wrong with my argument? Thank you very much!

How are the three generators of SU(2) expressed in terms of the $$a_i$$ and $$a^\dagger_i$$?