- #1

I am not sure what the first indice in the cauchy stress tensor indicates

For example,

σ_xy means that the stress in the y direction, but does x mean the cross sectional area is normal to the x direction?

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- #1

I am not sure what the first indice in the cauchy stress tensor indicates

For example,

σ_xy means that the stress in the y direction, but does x mean the cross sectional area is normal to the x direction?

- #2

SteamKing

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- #3

I cant see how σ_xy is dependent on σ_yx, they are perpendicular to each other

- #4

SteamKing

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Who said anything about these stresses being dependent on one another?

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- #6

arildno

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The reason for this is apparent when you consider the TORQUES about an infinitesemal square element.

Unless the stress tensor is symmetric, you'll get infinite angular accelerations of the square element.

The symmetry condition on the stress tensor explains why s_xy=s_yx and so on.

It should be mentioned, as is done in the Wikipedia article, that the symmetry of the Cauchy stress tensor is a special case as the Knudsen number goes to 1, so that symmetry is not required generally

- #7

Chestermiller

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I am not sure what the first indice in the cauchy stress tensor indicates

For example,

σ_xy means that the stress in the y direction, but does x mean the cross sectional area is normal to the x direction?

Yes. There are three components of the stress vector acting on a plane oriented normal to the x direction. The (normal) component in the x direction is σ

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