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Challenge problem: The Cable News

  1. May 15, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Given the nature of the title of the problem, I need hints to guide me in the right direction. I am sort of lost.
    A student has a large quantity of a flexible cable. If she cuts a piece of that cable and hangs it vertically, the longest piece that does not break under its own weight is l. The student then cuts another piece and places it on a horizontal smooth table. A small part of that cable hangs over the edge so that the cable begins to slide down after being released. How long (L) can this piece be so it does not break during this slide?

    2. Relevant equations
    F = ma and F = clg for vertical cable
    a = l1g/(l1 + l2 = L) where l1 is the part of the cable on the horizontal table and l2 is the part of the cable hanging off the horizontal table. Similar to pulley and string situation.

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I set F = clg and F = m [l1g/(l1 + l2) =L] equal to each other and got L = ml2g/ clg.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 16, 2016 #2

    mfb

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    2016 Award

    Staff: Mentor

    What is c, what is m? They should not appear in the final result.
    You can assume that l2 (initially) is very small and take the limit for l2 -> 0, the result should still be a finite value.

    I don't know what clg is and where it comes from, but that does not work.

    Where and when do you expect the cable (if it is a bit too long) to break? In other words, where do you get the maximal tension in the cable?
     
  4. May 16, 2016 #3
    C is the constant to convert l to mass in the case of the cable hanging vertically.

    And is the force of tension at its max when l2 causes the cable to break under its own weight similar to the vertical cable?
     
  5. May 17, 2016 #4

    mfb

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    2016 Award

    Staff: Mentor

    Well, yes, that is the condition for breaking, but that was not my question.

    At which point does the cable break (if it breaks), and how do you calculate tension at this particular point?
     
  6. May 17, 2016 #5
    Have you drawn a free body diagram for (a) the part of the cable this is moving vertically and (b) the part of the cable that is still on the table? What are the forces acting on these?
     
  7. May 17, 2016 #6
    Valerie,

    This is a pretty challenging problem. What do you win if you solve it?

    Chet
     
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