Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Homework Help: Change of variables problem

  1. Nov 18, 2005 #1
    let f be continuous on [0,1] and R be a triangular region with vertices (0,0), (1,0) and (0,1). Show:

    the double integral over the region R of f(x+y)dxdy = the integral from 0 to 1 over u f(u)du

    I recognize it is a change of variables problem but I'll be damned if I can create a set of functions u and v that yield the right jacobian. If anyone can help, its much appreciated.
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 18, 2005 #2
    I think it's obvious that u=x+y, v=x for example for v...this leads to |det(Jacob)|=1..then byconstruction of u and v, f(x+y)=f(u) which is independent of v, hence you can integrate over v (take care of the limit of integration, i was not able at first glance to be convinced of the u limit, but for v you get integral from 0 to 1 dv, which gives 1, and hence "disappears")...which hence lead an integral of the form integral from 0 to 1 over f(u) du...
  4. Nov 19, 2005 #3
    yeah that certainly would be a nice result if that were the answer to the problem but theree is a u out front and so a jacobian of 1 will not get the right results, but thanks anyway.
  5. Nov 20, 2005 #4
    Oh, ok, then u could do something like : int{0,1}du[u f(u)]=F(1)-int{0,1}du[ F(u)] .where F(u)=int{0,u}ds[ f(s)]+C...by integration by parts,you have to adjust the integration constant c so that only the double integral remains....then use the first computation backward and get x+y as argument.........does it work like this better...?
    Last edited: Nov 20, 2005
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook