# Changing a value in an array

ver_mathstats
Homework Statement:
Write a Python code to create the function array_change(a, new_val) that has two arguments:
a that is a NumPy array whose entries are numbers, and
new_val which is a number. The function returns a new array after changing every occurrence of entries in
a, that are in absolute value strictly less than 1, to new_val.
Relevant Equations:
Python
Code:
import numpy as np

def array_change(a,new_val):
a=np.array([])
for i in range(a):
if abs(i)<1:
a[i]=new_val

e=np.arange(-2, 2, 0.2).reshape(4,5)
print(array_change(e,0))

I am not sure where I am going wrong exactly but I keep getting an error message.
I came up with a code that gives me the results I am looking for but it is not a function.

Code:
e=np.arange(-2, 2, 0.2).reshape(4,5)
c=abs(e)<1
e[c]=0
print(e)

Any help is appreciated. Thank you.

Homework Helper
Gold Member
What does the error message say? That might give you a hint. That is what they are for.

Homework Helper
Gold Member
You have some code that works. Can you figure a way to put that into a function? Remember that a function usually returns a value.

Mentor
I am not sure where I am going wrong exactly but I keep getting an error message.
If your code produces an error message, it's always a good idea to tell anyone helping what that error message says. A typical Python error message will give the type of error (e.g., Syntax Error, or Name Error) and will show you what line the error occurs on.

• FactChecker
Mentor
Aside from the program requirements (one parameter of the function must be a Numpy array), I don't see any other real reason why an ordinary Python list type can't be used.

I see at least two things wrong:

(1) a is the input array, which comes from outside the function. You should not be re-defining a within the function.

(2) The statement "for i in range(a)" requires that a be an integer. But a is a numpy array, not an integer. So this will fail right away.

Try fixing these two things and thinking a bit more about what you are trying to do. Then come back and tell us how you are doing.

Mentor
To elaborate on the points that @phyzguy made, instead of doing this:
Python:
def array_change(a,new_val):
a=np.array([])
for i in range(a):
try this:
Python:
def array_change(arr, new_val):
arr_size = len(arr)
for i in range(arr_size):
Note that I changed the name of the array parameter. Single letter variable names are discouraged in most programming languages, except possibly for loop control variables such as i, j, k, and so on.