# Homework Help: Charge on a square loop: Work

1. Nov 11, 2013

### scorpius1782

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
A small bead is on square loop in the xz plane with dimensions (±R, 0, ±R). An electric field is turned that is $\vec{E}(\vec{r})=-Cx\hat{z}$

Calculate W
2. Relevant equations

$W= \int q\vec{E}\bullet dl$

3. The attempt at a solution
Starting with z direction:

$$q\int_{-R}^R -Cx\hat{z} (dx\hat{x} + dy\hat{y}+ dz\hat{z})$$

=$-Cq \frac {x^2}{2} |_{-R}^R=-CqR^2$

I believe that the total work would just be 2 times this quantity because since the E field isn't in the correct direction in order to move the charge in the x direction. But this doesn't make sense to me within the problem context. Am I missing something?

2. Nov 11, 2013

### tiny-tim

hi scorpius1782!

(type \cdot not \bullet )
sorry, but that makes no sense

you need to write a dot product

try again (and use a specific arm of the loop)

3. Nov 11, 2013

### scorpius1782

thank you for the \cdot! I couldn't remember what it was (kept thinking \vdot) so I gave up and used bullet.
the vertical (z) part of the box from -R to R at x=-R
$\int_{-R}^R-Cqx\hat{z}\cdot dz \hat{z}$

I didn't think of it before but since here x=-R I can put that in for x in this integral. I believe that since there is no change in x or y then dx and dy are zero.

This means that $CqR\int_{-R}^R\hat{z}\hat{z}dz=CqR(R+R)=2CqR^2$

Then for x=R: $\int_{R}^{-R}-CqR\hat{z}\cdot dz \hat{z}$
$=-CqR\int_{R}^{-R}\hat{z}\hat{z}dz=-CqR(-R-R)=-2CqR^2$

Is this better?

4. Nov 11, 2013

### tiny-tim

yes
erm

5. Nov 11, 2013

### scorpius1782

Hmm, seems I didn't distribute my negative sign there!

6. Nov 11, 2013

### tiny-tim

are you in the loop now?

7. Nov 12, 2013

### scorpius1782

I am, thank you. I assume since you made no comment that my understanding of the horizontal forcei is correct? That is where z=±R there is no work?

8. Nov 12, 2013

### tiny-tim

yes, for displacement of constant z, the component of the field along the wire is zero, so the work done is zero

9. Nov 12, 2013

### scorpius1782

Thanks for the help!