Charged mass on a string

A charged mass on the end of a light string is attached to a point on a uniformly charged vertical sheet of infinite extent. The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s^2 and the permittivity of free space is 8.85 x 10^-12 C^2/Nm^2. Find the angle [tex] \theta [/tex] the thread makes with the vertically charge sheet. Answer in units of degrees.
Given:
mass of ball= 1 g
Areal charge density of the sheet= 0.23 [tex] \mu C/m^2[/tex]
length of the string = 78.9 cm
Then force of charge= qE= q[tex] \sigma [/tex] / 2E_0
We did some of this problem in class and went through the long process of drawing a free body diagram and summing up the components, we found that it was easier to use the pythagorean theorem to solve for T.
I found that T= [tex] \sqrt (mg)^2 + (qE)^2 [/tex]
So T= [tex] \sqrt 96.04 + 1.32 x 10^-5 [/tex]
So T= 9.8.
Then I plugged it into what we got for the forces in the y-direction, which was [tex] \theta= cos^-1 (-mg/T) [/tex]
So theta= cos ^-1 (-9.8/9.8)
= 180 degrees which is wrong... can someone help me please?
 

Doc Al

Mentor
44,642
966
Check your calculation of [itex]q E[/itex] and [itex]mg[/itex] (note that m = 0.001 kg). What's [itex]q[/itex]?
 
Last edited:
Well I stupidly forgot to change to kg, but I'm still getting the wrong answer.
[tex] T= \sqrt (mg)^2 + (qE)^2 [/tex]
mg= .001 * 9.8 = .0098
qE= [tex] q \sigma/2 E_o [/tex]
qE= 2.8 x 10^-7 * 2.3 x 10^-7 / 2 * 8.85 x 10^-12
qE= .00364
T= [tex] \sqrt (.0098)^2 + (.00364)^2 [/tex]
T= .0104
[tex] \theta= cos^-1 (-mg/T) [/tex]
[tex] \theta = cos^-1 (-.0098/.0104) [/tex]
[tex] \theta= 159 degrees [/tex]
 

Doc Al

Mentor
44,642
966
Punchlinegirl said:
[tex] \theta= cos^-1 (-mg/T) [/tex]
What's with the minus sign?
[tex] \theta= \cos^{-1} (mg/T) [/tex]

Your calculation would be a bit easier if you used:
[tex] \theta = \tan^{-1} (qE/mg) [/tex]
(This way you don't have to calculate T.)
 

The Physics Forums Way

We Value Quality
• Topics based on mainstream science
• Proper English grammar and spelling
We Value Civility
• Positive and compassionate attitudes
• Patience while debating
We Value Productivity
• Disciplined to remain on-topic
• Recognition of own weaknesses
• Solo and co-op problem solving
Top