1. Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Charging capacitors with AC

  1. Aug 29, 2015 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Hi

    I have been told that the question below might be similar to potential university interview questions for physics/electronic engineering.

    In relation to this circuit diagram:

    http://forum.allaboutcircuits.com/attachments/diagram-ac-diode-capacitor-pd-question-png.90713/

    Diagram - AC, diode & capacitor PD question.png
    Initially 240V rms mains voltage is connected between terminals A and B in the circuit above. You can assume that the capacitors and diodes are appropriately rated to work at this voltage.
    When the capacitors have ceased to charge, the mains voltage is disconnected.
    What voltage will then be measured between points C and D?
    To my mind the voltage between C and D will just be the sum of the voltages across the two capacitors but C1 will not charge so the 240V rms will be all across C2. This will result in the voltage between C and D to be 240V.


    2. Relevant equations


    3. The attempt at a solution
    To my mind the voltage between C and D will just be the sum of the voltages across the two capacitors but C1 will not charge so the 240V rms will be all across C2. This will result in the voltage between C and D to be 240V.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 29, 2015 #2
    Hi, are you working with an AC voltage source?? Because you are putting only 240V rms in AC circuit and there are capacitor which also consume imaginary voltage from an angular frequency. From your analogy, you are considering only the A port and thinking it to solve as DC circuit (one way to shortest route). Unfortunately, I am an first year, therefore its quite complex for me, but I think C1 will also provide energy to the circuit while getting charged through B port source. Therefore, you should consider both of the capacitors.
     
  4. Aug 29, 2015 #3

    CWatters

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper


    Correct.
    That's incorrect. The input is AC and the circuit is effectively symmetrical. When C1 is charging C2 won't be but what happens in the next half of the cycle?

    There are several ways to visualise what's going on but you might find it easier to redraw the circuit and imagine A is connected to 0V and B has 240V ACrms applied.

    Note it's 240V ACrms not 240V AC pk.
     
  5. Aug 29, 2015 #4

    ehild

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    The circuit can be redrawn to show the symmetry. How does the current flow when B is positive with respect to A and how, when B is negative with respect to A?
    rectifier.JPG
     
  6. Aug 30, 2015 #5
    Thanks for your help.

    So am I correct in saying that each capacitor will charge to sqrt(2) * Vrms hence the DC voltage across each cap will be approximately 339V / the voltage from points C to D will be 679V?
     
  7. Aug 30, 2015 #6

    ehild

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    Yes.
     
  8. Aug 30, 2015 #7
    Thanks again for your help; much appreciated.
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?
Draft saved Draft deleted



Similar Discussions: Charging capacitors with AC
  1. Capacitor AC (Replies: 7)

Loading...