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Chem question

  1. Dec 6, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    NO2 is a known air-pollutant resulting from the combustion of petroleum in vehicles. Suppose at 6:00 am, there are 0.920 ppm NO2 in a liter of air. Calculate the mass (in grams) of the NO2 present in a liter, assuming there are 2.46x10^22 molecules of air in 1.00 L. (1 ppm = 10-6)


    2. Relevant equations
    particle to mole to mass conversion
    PV=nRT(maybe)

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I have no idea how to do this. The only thing I could think of is changing the number of molecules to some mass by changing it to moles than use the molar mass of NO2 to get mass
    I would appreciate any help on this. Thanks.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 6, 2009 #2

    mgb_phys

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    You are given the number of molecules in a liter of air
    You know that 920/1000000 of these are NO2

    Do you know the mass of NO2 in AMU?
    Do you know the mass of a single AMU in grams
     
  4. Dec 6, 2009 #3
    i know the molar mass of NO2 is 46g/mol. I don't think you need amu, unless the molar mass is the amu. Would I need to use the ideal gas law?
     
  5. Dec 6, 2009 #4

    mgb_phys

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    The molar mass is the mass in grams of 1mole of molecules. An amu is 1g/1mole.
    So you work out how many moles there are and multiply by 46h

    No
     
  6. Dec 6, 2009 #5
    ok, so after dividing 2.46x10^22 by 6.022x10^23 and multiplying by 46, i get 1.87g. What do I have to do after this, i'm kinda confused. I know the answer should be 1.73x10^-6 but I don't know how to get it.
    Thanks a lot.
     
  7. Dec 6, 2009 #6

    mgb_phys

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    There are 2.46x10^22 molecules in 1 litre of air
    0.920ppm is NO2 so 0.92e-6 of these are NO2

    So we have 2.46x10^22 * 0.92x10^-6 = 2.26x10^16 molecules of NO2 / litre
    You know 6.02x10^23 molecues of NO2 weigh 46g

    So how much does 2.26x10^16 molecules weigh?
     
  8. Dec 6, 2009 #7

    mgb_phys

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    ps with numbers like this it's always worth doing an estimate first.
    We know that 1mol of a gas is 24litres at room temp/pressure
    So 24litres would be 46g, then 1 litre NO2 is about 2g.

    But we know that NO2 is only 1ppm - so the answer should be around 2 micro grams
     
  9. Dec 6, 2009 #8
    thanks a lot. i see how that answer was found now.
     
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