# Chemical compositon of sugar [substitutes]

1. Jan 14, 2005

### mrjeffy321

Does anyone know if confectionary sugar, is the same thing as regular sugar (ie. sucrose C12H11O11)?

What about the chemical compostion of sugar substitutes, like 'Equal' or 'Sweet and Low'?

2. Jan 15, 2005

### dextercioby

Just for the record,sucrose is one of the isomers of $$C_{12}H_{22}O_{11}$$.

Daniel.

3. Jan 15, 2005

### mrjeffy321

O yes, that is what I meant, I made a typo in my original post.

4. Jan 16, 2005

### mrjeffy321

Here is a definition of confectioners sugar I found,
Confectioners' sugar
also known as powdered or icing sugar, is a finely pulverized sugar that dissolves quickly and is often used to provide a thin, white decorative coating. To prevent it from absorbing moisture in the air and caking, manufacturers often add a little cornstarch.

so since it has corn starch mixed in with it, it isnt pure sugar like I had originally thought.

still dont know what sugar substitutes are made out of though.

5. Jan 16, 2005

### chem_tr

It is about the consumer acceptance, if you will be able to store it in a dry place, just grinding sucrose into a fine powder will be okay. You'll get confectionery sugar then.

6. Jan 21, 2005

### archie

artificial sweetner

artificial sweetner like equal, etc could be made from several compounds:

the most popular one nowadays is : aspartam
the older compounds including : saccharin, cyclamate, etc.

Just search these name on the internet to find the chemical formula. hope it helps