Chromosome & DNA

  • Thread starter aereal
  • Start date
  • #1
4
0
I've stumbled upon an interesting short article http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4225769

It's about the possible danger of Y-chromosome in men loosing its genes throughout the evolution, because it is unpaired (the X-chromosomes are always paired and thus can correct random errors). That could inflict danger on reproduction, however MIT researchers claim that the Y-chromosomes have found an other way to survive by encoding the major genes as palindromes in DNA...

Now, what I can't understand is the following:

what I assume (please correct, if wrong):
1. DNA is a long double-stranded (ds) molecule. It splits into two single-stranded (ss) counterparts only during replication. This is the place where the mutations can take place, however there always remains the second single-stranded counterpart, which will probably remain unchanged.
2. chromosomes are nothing else than a complete (3 billion base pairs), double-stranded DNA molecules.

what I do not understand:
1. How to X-chromosomes couple? Can two double-stranded DNA's couple?
2. What is the danger with Y-chromosome? It is dsDNA, and is "secured" by the fact that mutation will occur only in a single strand, while the other one will survive. Why is the palindromic algorithm needed?
3. How does DNA implement palindromic algorithm? Does it simple bend and copy itself like that:
"__" turns into "U"

Thanks!
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
4
0
anyone! please help, or give directions what to read! F1!!!
 

Related Threads on Chromosome & DNA

  • Last Post
Replies
15
Views
8K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
2K
Replies
13
Views
8K
Replies
2
Views
5K
Replies
1
Views
38K
  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
27K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
3K
Replies
3
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
12
Views
15K
Top