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Circuit/magnetic field

  1. Dec 9, 2006 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A bar of length 22 cm that slides on two rails are connected together to make a complete electrical circuit. A magnetic field of strength 0.05 T directed out of the paper exists throughout the regions of space in which this machine is located. Assume that the distance between the rails l=20 cm and that initiaully the bar's sliding velocity is v=12 cm/s. Find the magnitude of the emf induced in this circuit.

    2. Relevant equations

    What equations should I be looking at? If it's an equation involving an integral, please give the final equation and possibly an explanation.

    3. The attempt at a solution

    The only equation I have available to me is emf = integ(E * dl). I don't know how I would get the electric field with the variables given, and I also don't know how I would get dl, as I don't think the length of the rails is given, just the length of the bar going across the rails and the distance between the rails.
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 9, 2006 #2
    use the universal flux rule.

    emf = d(phi)/dt = B da/dt = Bl dx/dt = B v
  4. Dec 9, 2006 #3
    So, my answer should be B*v=0.006 V? This is from a practice final, and the answer listed is 0.0012 V. Did we forget to multiply by 2 somewhere?
  5. Dec 9, 2006 #4

    Physics Monkey

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    Check your units, bsmack. Does B v have the units of time derivative of flux? You see there is a slight typo in estel's final line. It should read [tex] B L v [/tex]. What is the value of L for your system? (Make sure you pick the right one!)
    Last edited: Dec 9, 2006
  6. Dec 9, 2006 #5
    I think I figured it out. It should be emf = Bvl, correct?
  7. Dec 9, 2006 #6

    Physics Monkey

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    Yes, you have it now. Just figure out what L is.
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