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Colision Investigation Problem

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  1. Mar 4, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    You are starting a job for Montreal Police Colision Investigators. Your boss tells you to file a report on an accident on Notre-Dame Street. There has been an accident involving 2 cars.

    Your findings are as follows:

    • Numerous debris were found at a distance of 12.25 m from the car
    • The two cars stuck together and there are skid marks over 12.25 m
    • There are also skid marks over a distance of 30 m before your debries
    • The posted speed limit is 70 km/h
    • Other data: m1=2,674 kg and m2=1,100kg
    • From a friction block: Fv= 88.2N and Fh = 75.8N
    • The second car was at rest

    Write a report for your superior on wether the car at fault should be charged with speeding (over 70 km/h)

    2. Relevant equations

    μk = Fk/Fn

    3. The attempt at a solution

    The coeficent of kinetic friction is 0.86 (μk = Fv/Fh)
    We have:
    Mass of both cars
    initial velocity of second car (0)
    final velocity of first car (0)
    distance of skid marks

    We need 2 know:

    Initial velocity of 1st car.

    How can we do this with only mass, distance of skid marks, and coeffiecent of friction?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 4, 2014 #2

    CWatters

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    Hint: Work backwards. Energy = force * distance. You know the friction force and you know the distance so you can calculate the energy the cars had just after impact. You know their mass so you can calculate their velocity just after the impact.
     
  4. Mar 4, 2014 #3
    Hmmm I haven't thought about finding energy.
    Since Energy = net force * distance I will need to find net force and I already have distance.
    And Fnet = Ff + Fa

    Ff = (uk)(Fn)
    Ff = 75.8 N

    But how do I find Fa?
     
  5. Mar 5, 2014 #4

    CWatters

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    I think you can assume that the only force decelerating the cars after the impact is friction Ff. What else is there?
     
  6. Mar 5, 2014 #5
    You're right the only force would be friction force.
    So,
    Ff = uk * Fn
    Ff = .86 * 88.2 N
    Ff = 75.9 N
    With friction force i can find energy.
    E = F * d
    E = 75.9 N * 12.25 m
    E = 929.8 J
    So now that i know the energy my next step is to find velocity.
    KE = (1/2)mv^2
    KE = E
    929.8 J = (.5)(2674+1100)(v^2)
    .49 = (v^2)
    .7 meters per second = v
    But that is the velocity after the colision. What step do i need to take next to get the velocity prior to the first car breaking?
     
  7. Mar 5, 2014 #6

    CWatters

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    Continue to work backwards step by step.

    I haven't checked your working but once you have the correct velocity of both cars after the impact your next step is to work out the velocity of the moving car just before the impact. Hint: Conservation of Momentum.
     
  8. Mar 10, 2014 #7
    Solved

    We finished the problem. Thank you for your help! Working backwards did the trick.

    https://www.dropbox.com/s/3a3ivx9mscn3qxj/2014-03-10%2010.57.32.jpg
    https://www.dropbox.com/s/905gzbunimv5fdt/2014-03-10%2010.58.33.jpg
     
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