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Combustion question

  1. Apr 19, 2008 #1
    If i am trying to burn a fuel in air am i right in saying if i have a higher temerature compared to a lower temperature of air, the higher temperature air has more moles of air to burn than the lower temperature air for complete combustion to occur?
     
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  3. Apr 19, 2008 #2

    brewnog

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    How much air? A constant mass? Constant volume?

    At a given pressure, air is less dense at higher temperature (less mass per unit volume).
     
  4. Apr 19, 2008 #3

    LURCH

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    In general, yes. Cold air is denser (all else being equal), and therefore has more O2 molecules per volume, and so less air (by volume) is required to accomplish the same combustion. This of course does not hold true if the "all else" is not equal. Ari pressure has a significant effect and humidity can make a huge difference.
     
  5. Apr 20, 2008 #4

    brewnog

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    The OP asked whether having a higher temperature provided more air for combustion. That's clearly not true.
     
  6. Apr 20, 2008 #5

    LURCH

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    Ah yes; I read it as saying higher temperature requires more air, but upon re-read, I see that was almost the oposite of the poster's intent.

    Engineerign, higher temperature air is thinner and contains less O2 than colder air (again, all else being equal), and therefore provides a better comustion reaction.
     
  7. Apr 20, 2008 #6

    FredGarvin

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    It's not that a higher temperature air contains less 02, it is simply less dense. Since you are dealing with a constant volume device, then the lower density means less air (coincidentally less O2).
     
  8. Apr 20, 2008 #7
    Hi there:

    Here is a free MS Excel spreadsheet on combustion -- http://engware.i-dentity.com/pf/combustion.xls.

    For any fuel and oxidant combustion scenario whwre stoichiometry is => 1, one can calculate the combustion flame temperature, combustion products composition on both weight and mole basis, stoichiometry and stoichiometric ratio.

    Thanks,

    Gordan
     
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