# Commutator Identity

1. Oct 5, 2010

### kreil

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Prove the following identity:

$$e^{x \hat A} \hat B e^{-x \hat A} = \hat B + [\hat A, \hat B]x + \frac{[\hat A, [\hat A, \hat B]]x^2}{2!}+\frac{[\hat A,[\hat A, [\hat A, \hat B]]]x^3}{3!}+...$$

where A and B are operators and x is some parameter.

2. Relevant equations
$$e^x = 1+x+\frac{x^2}{2!}+\frac{x^3}{3!}+...$$
$$e^{-x} = 1-x+\frac{x^2}{2!}-\frac{x^3}{3!}+...$$

3. The attempt at a solution

$$\hat B e^{-x \hat A} = \hat B - [\hat B, \hat A]x + \frac{[[\hat B, \hat A], \hat A] x^2}{2!}+...$$

It seems after I rearrange the commutation orders, the signs all become positive and this is the required result, so I know I must be doing something wrong. I think it has to do with how I'm multiplying out B into the series..

i.e. $$\hat B (\hat A x)^2 = [\hat B, \hat A \hat A] x^2....??$$

or $$\hat B (\hat A x)^2 = [[\hat B, \hat A], \hat A] x^2...??$$

2. Oct 5, 2010

### gabbagabbahey

Neither is correct.

$$\hat{B}(x\hat{A})^2=BA^2x^2[/itex] You won't have anything involving commutators until you multiply by both exponentials and collect terms in powers of the parameter $x$. 3. Oct 5, 2010 ### kreil ahh I see it now I think.. [tex]e^{x \hat A} \hat B e^{-x \hat A} = \left ( 1+\hat A x + \frac{1}{2} \hat A^2 x^2 + \frac{1}{6} \hat A^3 x^3+... \right ) \left ( \hat B - \hat B \hat A x + \frac{1}{2} \hat B \hat A^2 x^2 - \frac{1}{6}\hat B \hat A^3 x^3+... \right )$$

So I multiply this out, collect terms in powers of x, and simplify to the commutator relations

Thanks