Completeness relation

  • #1

Main Question or Discussion Point

hi, in quantum physics completeness relation is often use it equals to one - what is its significance in multiplying with state vector . thanks
wasi
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
jtbell
Mentor
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Do you mean this:

$$\sum {| n \rangle \langle n |} = 1\\
\sum {| n \rangle \langle n | \psi \rangle} = | \psi \rangle$$

This represents the expansion of ##|\psi\rangle## into a linear combination of orthonormal basis states ##|n\rangle##. The ##\langle n | \psi \rangle## are the coefficients of the expansion. In the position representation we usually write this as something like

$$\psi(x) = \sum {c_n \psi_n(x)}$$
 

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