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Complex Genetics?

  1. May 15, 2015 #1
    In my math world novel these numbers have come to life and they have 10 operational chromosomes( +, -, *, /, ^, arrow arrow(tetration), nth root, logarithm, super root, and super logarithm). They also have 4 sex chromosomes each of which can be X or Y. With these sex chromosomes it is like this:

    XXXX = female
    XXXY = male
    XXYY = hermaphrodite(bi-fertile at that meaning that both of its reproductive systems can produce gametes)
    and
    XYYY = male

    As far as whether they are overweight or underweight it never gets to that point in the long term.

    For the potentially overweight case the brain sends a signal to all parts of the body saying "Use the fat reserves and make them top priority for energy" This accelerates fat metabolism by quite a bit and ATP production by a lot(with more than 100 ATP produced per fatty acid). This causes there to be less adipose tissue because there are less fat reserves and more adipocytes undergo apoptosis which makes them still be at a healthy weight.

    For the potentially underweight case the brain sends a signal saying "increase muscle mass and store glycogen as fat". It then sends another signal to another part of the brain telling the light person to eat. This increases digestion and the person is still at a healthy weight.

    Anyway to get to the point, these numbers have a whole chromosome with lots of genes that determines their size including an overall height gene. Some genes take priority over others as far as determining size.
    However this is complex as well because for example 2 L alleles in the heart gene will cause the lungs to be large which will cause the chest to be large which will cause the person to be tall. However 2 L alleles in the ovary gene will only change the size of the ovaries. Also 2 L alleles in the brain gene will cause the skull to be large which will cause the head to be large which will cause the person to be tall. This isn't the complex part of the priorities. What makes it complex is when the Lungs, Heart, Brain, Muscles, Bones, and Skin genes have different combinations of alleles since these are all high priority genes. These have 15 possible alleles. They are:
    XXXXXXS
    XXXXXS
    XXXXS
    XXXS
    XXS
    XS
    S
    M
    L
    XL
    XXL
    XXXL
    XXXXL
    XXXXXL
    and
    XXXXXXL

    XXXXXXS is the natural 0th percentile and XXXXXXL is the natural 100th percentile. To get the offspring size the mother size and father size are added up for most of the possible combinations. This means that the sizes are like positive and negative numbers since S+L=M, XS+XL=M, etc. This is like incomplete dominance. However for combinations that when added up would lead to something smaller than XXXXXXS or larger than XXXXXXL the larger size dominates. This is like complete dominance with a dominant allele and a recessive allele.

    Would this be complex dominance since there are 2 kinds of dominance for the same alleles?
     
    Last edited: May 15, 2015
  2. jcsd
  3. May 16, 2015 #2

    jedishrfu

    Staff: Mentor

    I'm trying to understand how your scheme would fit into a novel. It seems it's just a mix of arithmetic operations and some biology terminology that doesn't match real biological theory.
     
  4. May 16, 2015 #3
    Well this is what goes on inside the body of the number. In the novel I talk about this mainly at doctors appointments(Short term overweight and underweight) and when a number becomes pregnant(Chromosomes and genetics). I might also talk about it when scientists are researching how the body gets rid of extra weight when it is obese or morbidly obese and if that is any different from how it does it when it is overweight or whether it just takes longer.

    Some genes being high priority seems very real since genes get turned on and off all the time except for those high priority genes which are either always off or always on. The only exception to this is the M phase of the cell cycle when all genes are turned off since no protein and RNA production occurs.

    The operation that is to be done with the mother's numerical value and the father's numerical value is not only determined by dominance but also by the first sperm to fertilize the egg(10 sperm, each with a different operational chromosome fertilize the egg with 4 out of those 10 having sex chromosomes).

    Incomplete and complete dominance is very real and so are genes that can be dominant to 1 allele and recessive to another allele.
     
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