# Complex integral

Belgium 12
Hi,

I have a problem with the following complex integral.

Integral from 0 to+infinty sin²(a.lnz)/(x - 1)² = pi.a coth(2.pi.a) - 1/2 a>0

I tried different contours and methods,but without result.

Can you help me to find out the complex contour integration.

Thanks

## Answers and Replies

Pere Callahan
Do you mean

$$\int_0^\infty{}\frac{\sin^2{(a \log z)}}{(z-1)^2}$$
with z in the denominator instead of x. What contour did you try?

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Welcome to PF!

Hi Belgium 12! Welcome to PF!

(do you mean (z - 1)² ?)

Hint: sin²θ = [1 - cos2θ]/2; and cos(2a ln(z)) = … ?

Belgium 12
Yes that's the integral.

I tried a contour in upper half plane with an identitation at 1.

Then key-hole contour with the branch 0<phi<2.pi.

The a rectangular contour after the subtitution z= exp u

tanks

Pere Callahan
Hi Belgium 12! Welcome to PF!

(do you mean (z - 1)² ?)

Hint: sin²θ = [1 - cos2θ]/2; and cos(2a ln(z)) = … ?

This would be

$$\frac{1}{2}\left[e^{2ia\log z}+e^{-2ia\log z}\right]=\frac{1}{2}\left[z^{2ia}+z^{-2ia}\right]$$

How does this help?

Belgium 12
Hi,

I try it out and come later with a possible answer

Belgium 12
Hi,

I have no result with cos(2alnz)=1/2(z exp2ia + z exp -2ia)

you have then sin²=(1-cos 2 phi)/2

thus 1/2{1- 1/2(zexp 2ia+zexp -2ia)}/ (x-1)²

We already have a second order pole on the real axis (x-1)²/2

I used the key-hole contour.

thanks

Belgium 12
hi,
the result of the integral pi.a coth(2pia)-1/2 is correct.I saw it in a book "integral tables"

The integral with just the answer comes from a book in french "Recueil de problemes

sur la theorie des fonctions analytiques" by Evgrafov MIR publishers Moscow.

Belgium 12
Hi,
tiny tim

Maybe I should try sin²(a.lnz)/(x-1)²=(exp 2ialnz -2 +exp2ialnz).-1/4/(x-1)²

ans with the term -2/(x-1) partial integration in the PV sence.

int from 1+e to infinty +int from 0 to 1-e.
Then the two other integrals 1)zexp2ia/(x-1)² and zexp -2ia/(x-1)² and the adding.

what's your opinion?

thanks

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Hi Belgium 12!

Yes, that's what I was thinking of originally … it gives you something like:
$$\frac{\left[z^{2ia}+z^{-2ia}\,-\,2\right]}{4 (z\,-\,1)^2}\,.$$​
Unfortunately, as Pere Callahan asks, does that actually get us anywhere?

I'm very rusty on contour integrals.

I suspect it has something to do with a quadrant integral, going down the positive real axis, up the positive imaginary axis, and then round in a huge 90º arc. But that still needs some way of (literally!) getting round the pole at z = 1.

Sorry … I'm stuck.

Belgium 12
Hi,
Tiny Tim
Callehan
I found this in a bib,in a french book .Integral with double pole on the real axis.
It's a bit difficult for me for writing the math.expressions.I don't have latex or an other program.

Sorry for that

#### Attachments

• improper integral using complex analysis - Page 2.txt
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Pere Callahan
Hi Belgium,

I have to admit your file is too long for me to read right now ... and the math expression don't speed up the reading. Why don't you try learning latex (it's nothing about the keyboard, just some markup language, similar to HTML) and post your specific question about the method (if there are any)?

Belgium 12
Hi,
Pere callahan

About your answer ysterday evening about the integral.I would say its not a specifc

method.Ist just a complex contour integration,but you don't see it many books on

complex integration.

The method is just they insert a convergence factor.

sin²(a.lnz)/(x-1)²=-1/4(z.exp 2ia -2 +z.exp -2ia)/(x-1)² they insert the factor let us say

z.expb

or -1/4(z.exp(2ia+b) -2.z.exp(b) -z.exp(-2ia+b))/(x-1)².

then integrate the three individual integrals take the sum en let b->0

that was it

Belgium 12

Belgium 12
an then employ the formula

{int from o to 1-r xexp.a/(x-1)² + int from 1+r to inf. xexp.a/(x-1)² - 2/r}=-pi.a.cotg(pi.a)

to the three terms a=2ia and a=-2ia

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Hi Belgium 12!

Is this supposed to be part of thread https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=227979&goto=newpost ?

Belgium 12
yes that's is.

Belgium 12

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
I've merged the threads.