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Taleb

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In summary, the concept of dark matter is a debated topic in the field of physics, with some scientists expressing skepticism towards its existence. However, there is strong evidence for its presence based on observations of galactic rotation, gravitational lensing, and the cosmic microwave background radiation. While we have yet to directly detect dark matter, research and experimentation continue in order to gain a deeper understanding of this elusive substance. As scientists, it is important to continue exploring and questioning the unknown in order to expand our knowledge and understanding of the universe.

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Taleb

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jvicens

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Hello,

Thank you for sharing your thoughts on the topic of dark matter. As a fellow scientist, I am always interested in discussing and exploring different theories and ideas in the field of physics.

I can understand your skepticism towards the existence of dark matter, as it is a concept that is still not fully understood and has yet to be directly observed. However, I would like to offer a different perspective on the matter.

While it is true that dark matter has not been directly detected, there is strong evidence for its existence based on observations of the rotation curves of galaxies, gravitational lensing, and the cosmic microwave background radiation. These observations cannot be explained by the known laws of physics and require the presence of some form of invisible matter.

Additionally, the concept of dark matter is not a new one. It has been proposed and studied by scientists for decades, and there have been numerous experiments and observations aimed at detecting it. While we have not yet been successful in directly detecting dark matter, the search continues and new technologies and techniques are constantly being developed to aid in this pursuit.

I also want to address your point about dark matter being a "placeholder" for our lack of understanding. While it is true that we do not fully understand the nature of dark matter, this does not make it any less of a legitimate concept in physics. Many scientific theories and concepts start off as ideas or hypotheses before they are fully understood and accepted. It is through continued research and experimentation that we are able to gain a deeper understanding of these concepts.

In conclusion, while I respect your skepticism towards dark matter, I believe that the evidence for its existence is strong and warrants further investigation. As scientists, it is our duty to continue exploring and questioning the unknown in order to expand our knowledge and understanding of the universe. I look forward to hearing your thoughts on this matter and engaging in further discussions.

Complex numbers with a modulus (absolute value) less than or equal to 1 are numbers that can be expressed in the form a + bi, where a and b are real numbers and i is the imaginary unit. The modulus of a complex number is its distance from the origin on the complex plane, and if it is less than or equal to 1, it means that the number is within a unit circle centered at the origin.

Complex numbers with a modulus less than or equal to 1 have many applications in science, particularly in fields such as physics, engineering, and mathematics. They are commonly used to model and analyze oscillatory systems, such as electrical circuits and mechanical vibrations, as well as in quantum mechanics and signal processing.

The modulus being less than or equal to 1 indicates that the complex number is within a unit circle on the complex plane. This has important implications in terms of the number's magnitude and behavior, as numbers with a modulus greater than 1 will have larger magnitudes and may exhibit different properties.

Yes, complex numbers with a modulus less than or equal to 1 can be negative. The sign of a complex number is determined by the sign of its real component, so if the real component is negative, the complex number will be negative as well.

To perform operations with complex numbers with a modulus less than or equal to 1, you can use the same rules as for any other complex numbers. Addition and subtraction are done by combining the real and imaginary components separately, while multiplication and division involve using the properties of the imaginary unit i. It is important to keep track of the modulus of the resulting complex number, as it may change depending on the operation.

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