- #1

- 998

- 0

Let G be a group, and [itex]\alpha : G \rightarrow G[/itex] and [itex]\beta : G \rightarrow G[/itex] be endomorphisms. Assume that [itex]\alpha \circ \beta[/itex] is an automorphism of [itex]G[/itex]. Prove that [itex]\alpha[/itex] is injective and [itex]\beta[/itex] is surjective.

If G is finite the result is easy. I do not know how to prove it for infinite groups, nor have I been able to find a simple counterexample (it's easy to construct automorphisms that are compositions and for which the composing functions don't fill the injective/surjective criteria above, but I can't find a composition of

*homomorphisms*that do it).

Thanks in advance for your help.