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Homework Help: Compton Effect Question

  1. Jan 26, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A 650-keV gamma ray Compton-scatters from an electron. Find the energy of the photon scattered at 110°, the kinetic energy of the scattered electron, and the recoil angle of the electron.
    2. Relevant equations
    Compton effect equation:
    Δλ = [itex]λ^{'}[/itex] - λ = (h/mc) (1-cosθ)

    Conservation of Energy:
    hf + m[itex]c^{2}[/itex] = h[itex]f^{'}[/itex] + [itex]E_{e}[/itex]

    hf is initial photon energy, m[itex]c^{2}[/itex] is electron energy before scattering, h[itex]f^{'}[/itex] is the energy of scattered photon with new frequency f prime, and [itex]E_{e}[/itex] is the energy of the recoil electron with mc^2 and Kinetic Energy.

    3. The attempt at a solution
    First of all I am confused about the question. Are they saying a gamma ray is scattered? Or does a gamma ray hit the electron producing a scattering photon and the electron recoils?

    For now, I am thinking that the gamma ray hits the electron (the latter mentioned).

    For the recoil angle, I am thinking that it should be 80° since momentum is conserved and so the electron goes in the opposite direction, so 80°.

    To find the energy of scattered photon I need to find the new frequency. My thought is that I need to find the new wavelength so that I can use f=c/λ. I can find the new wavelength using Compton Effect equation shown above. I know θ is 110°, and h,m,c are constants. But what about initial λ? Can I get that from the 650-keV? So E = 650-keV = hc/λ using h in terms of eV I can get λ. Right? Now I am all set to find the new wavelength.With that I can find the new frequency, and then find the scattering energy of the photon.

    Now I should have all the information to find the Kinetic Energy using the Conservation of energy equation above.

    Am I going the right way, any comments would be appreciated. Thanks! :)
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 26, 2012 #2

    vela

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    What's the difference? I don't understand the distinction you're trying to make.

    You'll have to rethink this.

    Good plan. You don't need to find the frequency though. The equation you already mentioned,
    ##E = hc/\lambda##, allows you to relate energy to wavelength directly.
     
  4. Jan 26, 2012 #3
    Forget about the first question then. What do you mean rethink this? Should I use the Kinetic Energy of the recoiled electron to determine the angle?

    EDIT: Or should I use conservation of momentum?
     
  5. Jan 26, 2012 #4

    vela

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    You need to use momentum. Energy doesn't have a direction whereas momentum does.
     
  6. Jan 26, 2012 #5
    Many thanks! I'll get to it then.
     
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