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Conduction band in Na metal

  • Thread starter slimjim
  • Start date
  • #1
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Homework Statement



Describe the ”conduction band” in Na metal. Why it is half-filled and
non-magnetic?


The Attempt at a Solution



Na has electron configuration: [Ne]3s^1

the 3s band is highest in energy and is the conduction band for Na. since Na has 1 electron in the 3s band, and the 3s band can hold 2 electrons, the conduction band is half filled.

this single electron is not spin paired, so this gives a net magnetic moment to the conduction band.

----------------
Why would the conduction band be half filled AND non magnetic? Am I misunderstanding what a conduction band is?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
38
1
this single electron is not spin paired, so this gives a net magnetic moment to the conduction band.
It's not spin-paired in a single sodium atom, but in a solid the situation changes completely. Are you aware of Bloch's theorem?
 

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