# Connection pin through driven spindle

• WillemBouwer
In summary, based on the known data and calculations, it seems that the driving spindle in the 400mm pinch valve will still be adequate to transfer the necessary torque and force requirements, even with the presence of the drilled hole and smaller pin. However, further testing is recommended for verification.
WillemBouwer
I work in valve manufacturing business, I have posted some questions on designs of pins before. Here is one I would like verified.

In a 400mm pinch valve I have the driving spindle fastened to the top pinch bar through a M36x4 thread. To secure the thread a drilled a hole and fitted a smaller pin through the spindle to secure it in place on the pinch bar. I want to calculate whether the spindle will still be adequate to transfer the neccesary torque and force requirements with the hole weakening it and whether the spindle will hold without the help of the threads.

Known data:
The valve is rated for 10 bar working pressure; it will be operating at 3.45 bar line pressure.

At 3.45 bar the required thrust to close the valve is specified as 111.2 kN.

Pin material: BS 970 PART 4 GR 420 S37. It is assumed that the following properties apply to the material:
Minimum ultimate tensile strength: Sut = 695 MPa
Tensile yield strength: Syt = 435 MPa
Shear ultimate strength: Sus = 0.7x695 MPa = 486 MPa
Shear yield strength: Sys = 0.577x435 MPa = 251 MPa

Pin diameter: 10 mm
Spindle to pinch bar thread diameter: M36x4 mm

First we need to calculate the amount of torque required to close the valve at 3.45 bar.

Nominal diameter: d_m = 40.5 mm
Thread friction coefficient: u_t = 0.15
Torque formula:
T=F d_m/2000×(((L⁄(πd_m )+μ_t⁄cos⁡ϕ ))⁄((1-(μ_t.(L⁄(πd_m )))⁄cos⁡ϕ ) ))
With
tan⁡α=L⁄(πd_m )
tan⁡α=7⁄(π(40.5))
tan⁡α=0.055017
And
ϕ=(15°×π)⁄180
ϕ=0.2618
Then
T=(111200)40.5/2000×(0.055017+0.15⁄cos(0.2618))⁄(1-(0.15×0.055017⁄cos(0.2618))

T=478 N.m
T=478 ×1.2
T=583 N.m

Pinned male thread (Spindle to pinch bar connection)
Pin diameter: d = 10 mm
Pitch diameter: Dp = 33.4 mm
We will use the maximum distortion energy theory:

Stresses in pin (double shear):
Shear stress in pin:
τ_pin=F⁄A
With the force being
V=T⁄((Dp⁄1000) )
V=583⁄((33.4⁄1000) )
V=17454 N
hence
τ_pin=17454⁄((π〖(10)〗^2)⁄4)
τ_pin=222.23 MPa

This gives a Safety factor for the pin of:

SF_pin=S_ys⁄τ_pin
SF=251⁄222.23
SF=1.13 without shear yielding taking place assuming that all the forces will be working on the pin and not the threads of the spindle ( Hence this is a worst case scenario SF)

Stresses in spindle: Shear and tensile:
As a result of the pinhole, the spindle is substantially weakened.

Shear stresses:
Polar moment of inertia for shaft
J_spindle=(πD^4)⁄32
With
J_spindle=π(33.4)^4⁄32
J_spindle=122204 mm^4

Polar moment of inertia of square
J_square=(Dd(D^2+d^2))⁄12
J_square=((33.4)(10)(33.4^2+10^2))⁄12
J_square=33838.6 mm^4
Final polar moment of inertia
J_total=88365.4 mm^4

Resultant torsional shear stress on shaft:
τ_torsional=T(D⁄2)⁄J_total
τ_torsional=((583×1000)(33.4))⁄(2(88365.4))
τ_torsional=110.2 MPa

Tensile stresses:
Tensile stress area

A_t=π⁄4 (D-0.938194p)^2
A_t=π⁄4 (36-0.938194(4))^2
A_t=816.72 mm^2

Stress area of thread as reduced by the pin:
Tensile stress
σ_tensile=(-111200)⁄738.46
σ_tensile=-150.59 MPa

σx = -150.59 MPa and τxy=110.2 MPa

From the maximum distortion energy theory and Mohr’s Circle we have
τ_(max⁡_in_plane)=SQRT(((σ_x-σ_y)⁄2)^2+(τ_xy^2))
σ_1=((σ_x-σ_y)⁄2)±sqrt(((σ_x-σ_y)⁄2)^2+(τ_xy^2))

Hence
τ_(max⁡_in_plane)=√((((-150.59))⁄2)^2+〖(110.2)〗^2 )
τ_(max⁡_in_plane)=153.23 MPa
And principal stresses

σ_max=(((-150.59))⁄2)+√((((-150.59)⁄2)^2+(110.2)^2 )
σ_1=77.94 MPa

σ_min=(((-150.59))⁄2)-√((((-150.59)⁄2)^2+(110.2)^2 )
σ_min=-228.53 MPa

Hence with the material properties in mind we get the following safety factors
Shear safety factor:
〖SF〗_ys=S_ys⁄τ_(max⁡_in_plane)
〖SF〗_ys=251⁄153
〖SF〗_ys=1.6 against yield

〖SF〗_us=S_us⁄τ_(max⁡_in_plane)
〖SF〗_ys=486⁄153
〖SF〗_ys=3.2 against rupture

Tension safety factor:
〖SF〗_yt=S_yt⁄σ_max
〖SF〗_ys=435⁄77.94
〖SF〗_ys=5.6 against yield

〖SF〗_us=S_us⁄σ_max
〖SF〗_ys=486⁄77.94
〖SF〗_ys=6.2 against rupture

Compression safety factor:
〖SF〗_yt=S_yt⁄σ_min
〖SF〗_ys=435⁄228.53
〖SF〗_ys=1.9 against yield

〖SF〗_us=S_us⁄σ_min
〖SF〗_ys=486⁄228.53
〖SF〗_ys=2.1 against rupture

From these calcs I think the connection is adequate to transfer the torque with a safety factor in access of 1.6...

This is a lot of equations but thanks for your time to look them over for me, very important job, and seeing that I am only in my second year after graduating I think it is essential to get some help on this, haha, thanks

again. Based on the calculations, it appears that the connection is adequate to transfer the torque with a safety factor in excess of 1.6. However, it is important to note that this calculation is based on a worst case scenario where all the forces are assumed to be working on the pin and not the threads of the spindle. It would be advisable to conduct further tests to verify the safety of the connection and that it will hold without the help of the threads.

## 1. What is a connection pin through driven spindle?

A connection pin through driven spindle is a type of mechanical connection that is used to join two rotating parts. It consists of a pin that is inserted through a hole in a driven spindle and connected to a driven shaft, allowing the two parts to rotate together.

## 2. How does a connection pin through driven spindle work?

The connection pin through driven spindle works by transferring torque and rotation from the driven spindle to the driven shaft. The pin is inserted through the hole in the driven spindle and secured to the driven shaft, creating a solid connection between the two parts.

## 3. What materials are typically used for connection pins through driven spindles?

The materials used for connection pins through driven spindles vary depending on the application and the amount of torque and rotation required. Common materials include steel, aluminum, and titanium, which are all known for their strength and durability.

## 4. What are the advantages of using a connection pin through driven spindle?

One of the main advantages of using a connection pin through driven spindle is its ability to transmit high levels of torque and rotation between two rotating parts. It is also relatively easy to install and remove, making it a convenient choice for many mechanical applications.

## 5. Are there any limitations to using a connection pin through driven spindle?

While connection pins through driven spindles are versatile and reliable, they do have some limitations. They may not be suitable for high-speed applications, as the pin may not be able to withstand the centrifugal forces at high speeds. Additionally, they may require regular maintenance and replacement if subject to heavy loads or wear and tear.

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