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Conservation of energy of sliding block

  • Thread starter orionics
  • Start date
3
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Hey folks,

I was trying to work out a problem on conservation of energy and am totally stuck. Was hoping someone could help.... the problem was this...

A 38 kg block slides with an initial speed of 7 m/s up a ramp inclined at an angle of 35o with the horizontal. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the block and the ramp is 0.5. Use energy conservation to find the distance the block slides before coming to rest.

I was working with the assumption that at the end of the climb,
PE = KE + Wf
where, PE = potential energy
KE = kinetic energy
Wf = work done by friction = coefficient * Normal force

Reason I get stuck is that there is no d (displacement on slope) or h (height of block at the end of motion). I tried solving one for the other by using h/d = sin theta.... but I don't think it's right. :cry:

******EDITED PART STARTS*******
Here's what i had done:
PE = KE - Wf (minus cuz going up the slope)
mgh = mv2 - (F*d) (F = friction_coeff * m * g * cos theta)

dividing both sides by m*g*d I got....
h/d = (v2/dg) - (F/mg)

but, h/d = sin theta
so,
v2/dg = (F/mg) + sin theta

then I solved for d... and got an answer of 5.1 m. However this was wrong!
******EDITED PART ENDS******

And I've spent an hour on this and am totally frustrated and thus useless ... any and all assistance/clue/guidance will be totally appreciated.

Thanks.

- O
 
Last edited:

Doc Al

Mentor
44,803
1,061
orionics said:
I was working with the assumption that at the end of the climb,
PE = KE + Wf
I would write it like this:
[itex]{KE}_i + {PE}_i = {KE}_f + {PE}_f + W_{friction}[/itex]

where, PE = potential energy
KE = kinetic energy
Wf = work done by friction = coefficient * Normal force
The work done by friction will equal [itex]\mu N d[/itex], where d is what you are trying to find, the distance the block slides.

Reason I get stuck is that there is no d (displacement on slope) or h (height of block at the end of motion). I tried solving one for the other by using h/d = sin theta.... but I don't think it's right. :cry:
That relationship between h and d is exactly correct. Now make use of it in the energy equation and solve for d. (Hint: Express the PE in terms of d.)
 
3
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made an addendum

Hey Doc Al

I was editing my previous post when you posted your reply. As you'll notice from my edit of the original post... I think I did what you were asking me to do. I got that answer... but found out that it was wrong.

As for the equation you wrote :
[itex]{KE}_i + {PE}_i = {KE}_f + {PE}_f + W_{friction}[/itex]

Both [itex]{PE}_i[/itex] and [itex]{KE}_f[/itex] are zero... right? That is why I used the equation I had. Am i wrong?

Thanks again.
 
Last edited:

Doc Al

Mentor
44,803
1,061
orionics said:
Here's what i had done:
PE = KE - Wf (minus cuz going up the slope)
mgh = mv2 - (F*d) (F = friction_coeff * m * g * cos theta)
Careful: [itex]{KE} = 1/2 m v^2[/itex]. (You are missing a 1/2.)
 
3
0
Doc Al said:
Careful: [itex]{KE} = 1/2 m v^2[/itex]. (You are missing a 1/2.)
OMG... I can't believe I did that!!! :biggrin: .. .and to think I wasted an hour because of a 0.5!! I'll try working it out when I get home and see if it's correct.

Thanks a heap!!.
 

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