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Constrained extrema

  1. Oct 18, 2007 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    These are two problems from my assignment that are due tomorrow! Plz, help as you can.

    1)Show that f(x,y) = (y - x)(y - 3x^2) attains a local minimum on every straight line through the origin and that this occurs at (0,0). Does f have a local minimum at (0,0)?

    2)Assuming that f_x and f_y both exist at (x,y), prove that if

    [itex]\lim_{(h,k)\rightarrow(0,0)}\dfrac{f(x+h, y) - f(x,y) - f_{x}(x,y)h - f_{y}(x,y)k}{\sqrt{h^2 + k^2}}[/itex]

    exists, the limit is 0.

    2. Relevant equations

    3. The attempt at a solution

    For the first one I tried Lagrange's multipliers but became a mess with all the algebra, leaving me with the impression that this might be done more easily using something that I might have missed in class.

    For the 2nd one, honestly, no clue. I left my assignment for the last day, because I had so many other stuff to do. Now I'm really in trouble. Thanks for all your help.
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 19, 2007 #2
    #2 is done! It wasn't as terrible as I thought it would be. #1 still hurts. I just don't know what to do. Help plz.
  4. Oct 19, 2007 #3


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    I don't see why. The gradient of [itex](y - x)(y - 3x^2)[/itex] is [itex][(-y-3x^2)-6x(y-x)]\vec{i}+ [2y-x-3x^2]\vec{j}[/itex] while we can write the condition y= mx as G(x,y)= y- mx= 0 and its gradient is [itex]-m\vec{i}+ \vec{j}[/itex]. Lagranges multiplier method gives you two equations: [itex](y-3x^2)-6x(y-x)= -\lambda m[/itex] and [itex]2y-x-3x^2= \lambda[/itex]. Divide one equation by the other to get rid of [itex]\lambda[/itex] (that's a standard technique), then replace y with mx and it reduces to a quadratic equation to solve for x (in terms of m, of course).
  5. Oct 19, 2007 #4
    But how do you make sure that (0,0) gives the min?
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