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Contest Problems

  1. Feb 4, 2012 #1
    The following questions aren't for homework, just contest preparation. Thanks for your help!

    1. A ball of mass m attached to an inextensible string of length R in swung around a vertical circle just fast enough so that the string is always fully stretched. Let ΔT denote the difference between the tension in the string at the bottom and at the top of the circle, vb and vt the speed of the ball at the bottom and at the top, respectively. Then, taking “dependence” to be with respect to a set of independent variables,
    Ans: ΔT is independent of R, vb and vt.

    My Work:
    mvt2/r = Tt + mg
    mvb2/r = Tb - mg


    2. An object of mass m hangs motionless from a vertical spring. When the object is pulled down to a new rest position, the total mechanical energy of the system
    Ans: increases


    3. To a good approximation, Earth and Jupiter move around the
    Sun in circular orbits of 1.49 x 108 km and 7.79 x 109 km
    radius, respectively. What is the maximum error that can
    arise in the prediction of solar eclipse times (as observed from
    Earth) on Jupiter caused by one of its moons if one fails to
    take into account the variation of the relative position of the
    two planets?
    Answer: 2.6 x 103

    radius of earth: 6.37 x 103 km
    radius of Jupiter is not given.
    I think error happens when Earth and Jupiter are aligned.


    4. A varying electric current running through a coiled wire induces an emf across the coil. The voltage measured by a voltmeter across the terminals of the coil:
    (a) is smaller or larger than the emf, depending on how fast the current changes.
    (b) is larger than the emf.
    (c) is equal to the emf.
    (d) is smaller than the emf.

    The answer is (d) but I thought it was (b).
    My reasoning is that a voltage V is required to get the current running in the positive direction. Say the current is increasing in the positive direction. Then the magnetic flux is also increasing, so an induced emf in the negative direction is produced.
    The measure voltage M = V - emf and since emf is relatively small, M > emf.

    Also, please see https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=574015
     
  2. jcsd
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