- #1

Vaxjo

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- TL;DR Summary
- This is a review devoted to the complementarity-contextuality interplay with connection to the Bell inequalities. We also discuss the experiments and the main issue of discussion is signaling patterns experimental data.

See for the article

https://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/24/10/1380

This is a review devoted to the complementarity-contextuality interplay with connection to the Bell inequalities. Starting discussion with complementarity, we point out to contextuality as its seed. {\it Bohr-contextuality} is dependence of observable's outcome on the experimental context, on system-apparatus interaction. Probabilistically, complementarity means that the {\it joint probability distribution} (JPD) does not exist. Instead of the JPD, one has to operate with contextual probabilities. The Bell inequalities are interpreted as the statistical tests of contextuality and, hence, incompatibility. For context dependent probabilities, these inequalities may be violated. We stress that contextuality tested by the Bell inequalities is so called {\it joint measurement contextualit}y (JMC), the special case of Bohr's contextuality. Then, we examine the role of signaling (marginal inconsistency). In QM, signaling can be considered as an experimental artifact. However, often experimental data has signaling patterns. We discuss possible sources of signaling; for example, dependence of the state preparation on measurement settings. In principle, one can extract the measure of ``pure contextuality'' from data shadowed by signaling. This theory known as {\it Contextuality by Default} (CbD). It leads to inequalities with the additional term quantifying signaling, Bell-Dzhafarov-Kujala inequalities.

https://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/24/10/1380

This is a review devoted to the complementarity-contextuality interplay with connection to the Bell inequalities. Starting discussion with complementarity, we point out to contextuality as its seed. {\it Bohr-contextuality} is dependence of observable's outcome on the experimental context, on system-apparatus interaction. Probabilistically, complementarity means that the {\it joint probability distribution} (JPD) does not exist. Instead of the JPD, one has to operate with contextual probabilities. The Bell inequalities are interpreted as the statistical tests of contextuality and, hence, incompatibility. For context dependent probabilities, these inequalities may be violated. We stress that contextuality tested by the Bell inequalities is so called {\it joint measurement contextualit}y (JMC), the special case of Bohr's contextuality. Then, we examine the role of signaling (marginal inconsistency). In QM, signaling can be considered as an experimental artifact. However, often experimental data has signaling patterns. We discuss possible sources of signaling; for example, dependence of the state preparation on measurement settings. In principle, one can extract the measure of ``pure contextuality'' from data shadowed by signaling. This theory known as {\it Contextuality by Default} (CbD). It leads to inequalities with the additional term quantifying signaling, Bell-Dzhafarov-Kujala inequalities.