Continuous onto function

  • Thread starter rapple
  • Start date
  • #1
25
0
1.Is it true that if f is continuous onto function on a closed interval then f(x) must also be a closed interval. How about the other way around. f is continuous and onto on a open bounded interval and f(x) is a closed interval

Homework Equations


f:[0,1]-->(0,1)
f:(0,1)-->[0,1]


The Attempt at a Solution


There is a theorem that says that if f is continuous on a closed and bounded interval then set of f(x) is a closed and bounded interval.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Dick
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
26,263
619
True, that is a theorem. f continuous on a closed interval then the image of f is a closed interval. If f is continous on an open interval then the range can be closed, open or neither. Can you find an example of each?
 
  • #3
25
0
True, that is a theorem. f continuous on a closed interval then the image of f is a closed interval. If f is continous on an open interval then the range can be closed, open or neither. Can you find an example of each?

Does this mean that f:[0,1]-->(0,1) does not exist. If both are closed intervals there are several examples, including the trivial f(x)=x

I don't have an example for continuous onto f:(0,1)-->[0,1]
 
  • #4
Dick
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
26,263
619
Yes, there is no continuous function f mapping [0,1]->(0,1). You cited the theorem. For mapping (0,1) into [0,1], can't you think of a function where f(0)=1/2, f(1/3)=1, f(2/3)=0 and f(1)=1/2? Surely you can draw one.
 
  • #5
25
0
Yes, there is no continuous function f mapping [0,1]->(0,1). You cited the theorem. For mapping (0,1) into [0,1], can't you think of a function where f(0)=1/2, f(1/3)=1, f(2/3)=0 and f(1)=1/2? Surely you can draw one.

It has to be an onto function. I am not aware of one as you have described.
 
  • #6
Dick
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
26,263
619
Onto what? It's certainly onto [0,1].
 
  • #7
25
0
Yes. But I don't have an example as you have described. Sorry. I am always bad with examples.
 
  • #8
Dick
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
26,263
619
Can't you linearly interpolate between the values I gave? You could also fit it to a polynomial. You could scale a sine function. Any number of things you could do to get an explicit example. You did sketch one, right? That's all I care about.
 
  • #9
25
0
Can't you linearly interpolate between the values I gave? You could also fit it to a polynomial. You could scale a sine function. Any number of things you could do to get an explicit example. You did sketch one, right? That's all I care about.

sin(4x) works

Thx
 

Related Threads on Continuous onto function

  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
3K
Replies
24
Views
6K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
771
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
6
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
8
Views
915
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
0
Views
1K
Top