# Convergence of a sequence

grothem

## Homework Statement

Determine if the sequence is convergent or divergent
{$$\sqrt[n]{3^n+5^n}$$}

## The Attempt at a Solution

I know I need to take the limit to find if it converges or diverges. But I'm not really sure what I need to do to it to take the limit.

## The Attempt at a Solution

Homework Helper
Take the log of the sequence. Write 3^n+5^n=5^n(1+(3/5)^n). Does that help?

th3plan
no need to that even, use the root test, and from there you can tell

grothem
I thought you could only apply the root test to a series, not a sequence, or does it not matter?

Homework Helper
I thought you could only apply the root test to a series, not a sequence, or does it not matter?

Right. The root test is not helpful for sequences.

grothem
so after taking the log I came up with 5(1+(3/5)) = 8. Which I don't think is the right answer, did I do something wrong?

Homework Helper
so after taking the log I came up with 5(1+(3/5)) = 8. Which I don't think is the right answer, did I do something wrong?

Yes, quite a bit. Review your rules of logs. Try again. log([5^n*(1+3^n/5^2)]^(1/n)). What's your first step?

grothem
oh ok...

so I bring the 1/n in front of the ln(5^n*(3/5)^n)

now can I just take the limit from there?

Homework Helper
Careful, you dropped a very important '1'. Now use log(a*b)=log(a)+log(b). Then the power rule again.

grothem
I came up with Limit as n tends to infinity of (ln(3)*(3/8)^n + ln(5)*(5/8)^n)
and with those being geometric sequences with r < 1, the sequence is convergent.

Homework Helper
I came up with Limit as n tends to infinity of (ln(3)*(3/8)^n + ln(5)*(5/8)^n)
and with those being geometric sequences with r < 1, the sequence is convergent.

That's a long way from being correct. How did you get that?

grothem
I took the natural log and I got:

Lim 1/n * ln(3^n+5^n)

Then applying L'hospitals:

(3^n*ln(3)+5^n*ln(5))/(3^n+5^n)

then I simplified from there.

Homework Helper
I took the natural log and I got:

Lim 1/n * ln(3^n+5^n)

Then applying L'hospitals:

(3^n*ln(3)+5^n*ln(5))/(3^n+5^n)

then I simplified from there.

If you want to go that way then fine. Then the 'simplification' went wrong. Try dividing numerator and denominator by 5^n. What's the limit of 3^n/5^n?

grothem
If you want to go that way then fine. Then the 'simplification' went wrong. Try dividing numerator and denominator by 5^n. What's the limit of 3^n/5^n?

ok. The limit of 3^n/5^n = 0

So after dividing through by 5^n, I'm left with ln(5). Which would be a divergent series

Homework Helper
ok. The limit of 3^n/5^n = 0

So after dividing through by 5^n, I'm left with ln(5). Which would be a divergent series

It's a divergent series, but it's a convergent sequence. It converges to ln(5). But now remember you took the log of the original sequence.

grothem
It's a divergent series, but it's a convergent sequence. It converges to ln(5). But now remember you took the log of the original sequence.

Oh ok. So raising ln(5) to power e gives me 5. So sequence converges to 5.
Thanks a lot for the help!

Homework Helper
You're welcome. I think it would be a good exercise to try and do this without l'Hopital. You don't really need it, just use the rules of logs.

jlu
how can i proof that ([sin0.4n][/npi])2 converges and ([sin0.4n][/npi]) diverges? n is between -infinity and +infinity

dirk_mec1
What is the sequence? It isn't clear in the way you've written down.