Convergence of integral

  • Thread starter Kruger
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Homework Statement



Given the integral f(t)=sin(1/t)dt from 1/pi to infinity. Examine if it is convergent.

Homework Equations



No particular equation. But I know that if the integral of a function g is convergent and there's another function h such that |h|<=g than the integral of h is also convergent.

The Attempt at a Solution



What I tried so far is to take the Taylor serie T(X) of sin(x). Which is T(x)=x+o(x) where o(x) is a term that is negative if x is small enough. So I can estimate the function f(t): sin(1/t)>=1/t for large t.

But now I'm not really sure if I conclude the right thing out of this:

Does it follow, that because |sin(1/t)|>=1/t for large t and the integral of 1/t from 1/pi to infinity is not convergent, so sin(1/t) isn't convergent, too?

Or how can I solve this without using the Taylor serie? I think it isn't the right way.
 
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Answers and Replies

  • #2
Dick
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Does it follow, that because |sin(1/t)|>=1/t for large t and the integral of 1/t from 1/pi to infinity is not convergent, so sin(1/t) isn't convergent, too?
You have the right idea. Except sin(1/t)<1/t for large t. Hint: It's not very much less.
 
  • #3
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Ok, I've solved it successfully. Thanks.

The next one is to check wheter the integral of sin(t^2) from 0 to infinity is divergent or convergent.

What I did so far is to find the zero points of sin(t^2) which are in (n*pi)^(1/2). So I can write our integral in a new way, more precisely, with a sum. I sum up over n from 0 to infinity and integrate over (n*pi)^(1/2) to ((n+1)*pi)^(1/2).

But how can I go on to show that the integral sin(t^2) is convergent?
 
  • #4
HallsofIvy
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You can't.

How does the integral of sin(t2) differ from the integral of sin(t)?
 
  • #5
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Well, the areas in further regions of the x-axis get smaller and smaller (sin(x^2)) and in sin(x) the areas are always the same.

Can you give me a hint?
 
  • #6
Gib Z
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Well one way it differs is that it isnt elementary...Just incase Kruger doesn't already know, even though in sin x they remain the same, the integral is the net area, not the total area. The differences in the areas of sin x^2 gets smaller as x gets large, so that could converge as well i think, i dont know. Halls obviously knows though :P
 
  • #7
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I know that it isn't elementary, else I had calculated the integral with some method. The task and goal is to estimate the integral of sin(x^2). For example I could find some other function f(x) such that f(x)>=sin(x^2) and with the special property that the integral of f(x) converges, thus sin(x^2) also converges.
 

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