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Homework Help: Crazy tangent proof

  1. Oct 20, 2006 #1
    here's the proof:

    [tex]\tan(x-y) + \tan(y-z) + \tan(z-x) = \tan(x-y)\tan(y-z)\tan(z-x)[/tex]

    in the chapter, we learned the sin, cos, tan addition laws, so i'm assuming that we're basically limited to use those and the fundamental trig functions such as [tex]sin^2x + cos^2x = 1[/tex] and the like.

    i decided to work on the right side of the equation. i first converted the tan into sin/cos:

    [tex][\frac{\sin(x-y)}{\cos(x-y)}][\frac{\sin(y-z)}{\cos(y-z)}][\frac{\sin(z-x)}{\cos(z-x)}][/tex]

    i worked out the numerator (the denominator is a real pain), and as you can imagine, i got a bunch of different sines and cosines. anywho, after stuff cancelled out and the like, i was left with:

    [tex]\frac{-\sinx\sin^2z\cosx\cos^2y - \sin^2y\sinz\cos^2x\cosy + \siny\sin^2z\cos^2x\cosy - \sin^2x\siny\cosy\cos^2z + \sin^2x\sinz\cos^2y\cosz + \sinx\sin^2y\cosx\cosy\cosz}{\cos(x-y)\cos(y-z)\cos(z-x)}[/tex]

    right now, i'm stuck. if anyone can help, i'd be very grateful. :)

    ps if the latex is not working, then i will just switch to the good old fashion messy look.
     
    Last edited: Oct 20, 2006
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 20, 2006 #2
    Use the identity [tex] \tan(x-y) = \frac{\tan x - \tan y}{1+\tan x \tan y} [/tex] and work from the left side.
     
    Last edited: Oct 20, 2006
  4. Oct 20, 2006 #3
    If you know the identities for [tex]\sin\left(x\pm y\right)[/tex] and [tex]\cos\left(x\pm y\right)[/tex], why not convert the LHS to sin and cos and see what it simplifies to.

    Edit: Convert to sin and cos AFTER you use the identity provided by the courtigrad.
     
  5. Oct 21, 2006 #4
    ok...

    edit: i'm not getting the coding right, so i'm just going to write it all out.

    [(sin^2x/cos^2x)(sinz/cosz) - (siny/cosy) - (sin^2y/cos^2y)(sinz/cosz) - (sinx/cosx)(sin^2y/cos^2y)(sinz/cosz) + (sinx/cosx)(sin^2y/cos^2y) - (sinx/cosx)(sin^2z/cos^2z) + (siny/cosy)(sin^2z/cos^2z) + (sinx/cosx)(sin^2y/cos^2y)(sin^2z/cos^2z) - (sin^2x/cos^2x)(siny/cosy)]

    all divided by

    [1 + (siny/cosy)(sinz/cosz) + (sinx/cosx)(siny/cosy) + (sinx/cosx)(sin^2y/cos^2y)(sinz/cosz) + (sinx/cosx)(siny/cosy)(sin^2z/cos^2z) + (sin^2x/cos^2x)(siny/cosy)(sinz/cosz) + (sin^2x/cos^2x)(sin^2y/cos^2y)(sin^2z/cos^2z)]
     
    Last edited: Oct 21, 2006
  6. Oct 21, 2006 #5

    HallsofIvy

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    You said that you know the tan addition law:
    [tex]tan(a+ b)= \frac{tan(a)+ tan(b)}{1- tan(a)tan(b)}[/tex]
    so use that- don't go back to sine and cosine!

    Of course, replacing b by -b, and remembering that tan(-b)= -tan(b),
    [tex]tan(a-b)= \frac{tan(a)- tan(b)}{1+ tan(a)tan(b)}[/tex]
    as Coutrigrad said. Use that three times.
     
  7. Oct 21, 2006 #6
    i was just doing what neutrino suggested. :P

    i have it all still in tangent written on paper, but i'm still not seeing anything that can be used.

    anywho... converted back to tangent. :(

    [tex]\frac{(\tan^2 x \tan z) - (\tan y) - (\tan^2 y \tan z) - (\tan x \tan^2 y \tan z) + (\tan x \tan^2 y) - (\tan x \tan^2 z) + (\tan y \tan^2 z) + (\tan x \tan^2 y \tan^2 z) - (\tan^2 x \tan y)}{1 + (\tan y \tan z) + (\tan x \tan y) + (\tan x \tan^2 y \tan z) + (\tan x \tan y \tan^2 z) + (\tan^2 x \tan y \tan z) + (\tan^2 x \tan^2 y \tan^2 z)}[/tex]

    edit: can anyone explain to me why some of the terms are not showing up?
     
    Last edited: Oct 21, 2006
  8. Oct 21, 2006 #7

    Office_Shredder

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    Now do the same thing for the right hand side, and you can check to see how you want to re-arrange the terms you got out of the left hand side to show it equals the right hand side
     
  9. Oct 21, 2006 #8

    Hurkyl

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    I highly recommend doing a change of variable.

    Because you've issued the (nonexistant) command

    \tany

    instead of the command

    \tan

    followed by a y.

    (In other words, you need to use spaces)
     
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