Credible Anomalies and Mysteries

  1. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Ladies and gentlemen,
    We are proud to present our napster of anomalies for scholars. Considered here are anomalies, mysteries of nature, and legitimate scientific puzzles that have been identified as credible by some significant percentage of the scientific community, or by scientists recognized as experts in a related field of study. Unusual phenomena, and mysteries only recently explained or resolved may be included for the sake of discussion, or for continuity, or when appropriate to the subject.

    Like the other napsters in this forum, only links and brief quotes are allowed. Please continue with any related discussions in a regular thread. If you see any crackpot material, or if you feel that credible scientific information has been excluded from this napster, either send me a private message explaining your concerns, or better yet, start a thread. Every effort will be made to maintain the highest academic standards while still providing representation for those genuine mysteries that offer unique challenges to today’s scientists.

    Information posted may be reorganized from time to time. Please check back frequently as this library is developed for your benefit. Above all, feel free to post links to scholarly papers and references that contribute to this effort. A brief description or excerpt should be included for context.

    Finally, I want to thank Nereid for suggesting that we create this library as a reference tool for interested parties.

    Your comments and suggestions are always appreciated. Thank you for your interest and participation.
    Ivan

    Quick Index of topics to date: 4/25/05
    Earth Sciences
    Ball Lightning
    Earth lights and Earthquake Lights
    Fireballs
    Jets, Sprites, Starters, ELVES, and TIGERs
    The sliding rock phenomenon
    Methane Clathrate Hydrate
    Rogue Waves

    Mind and Body
    Consciousness
    The Placebo Effect
    Holistic and Alternative Medical Practices

    Physics
    The Measurement Problem
    Entanglement

    As per John Baez, open questions in:
    Condensed Matter and Nonlinear Dynamics
    Quantum Mechanics
    Cosmology and Astrophysics
    Particle Physics
    The Big Question™

    Space and SETI
    The Pioneer Anomaly
    Transient Lunar Phenomena

    The Anomaly Formerly Known as Cold Fusion
    [Based on the Dec 1st, 2004, DOE report, there is evidence for some kind of anomaly; probably not fusion. A consensus is found indicating that research should continue.]

    Humanity
    Hobbits
    The Anasazi
    The Colony At Roanoke
    Information Technology and the Future of Cities

    More to come.
     
    Last edited: Apr 28, 2008
  2. jcsd
  3. Chronos

    Chronos 9,999
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    Great idea, Ivan. Anomalous observations need to be brought out of the closet to be examined. That is the essence of science.
     
  4. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Earth: Ball Lightning

    It should be noted that even though many UFO reports may result from ball lightning, earthlights, gaseous fireballs, or similar phenomenon, we are only interested here in phenomena believed to be uniquely identified. Therefore any of the above mentioned are appropriate for this napster except UFOs, as such. For a less rigorous review of potentially related information, please see the UFO napster in this forum.

    http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaP...abs/403519a0_fs.html&dynoptions=doi1104708867

    1/19/05
    http://www.srh.weather.gov/jetstream/append/glossary_b.htm

    1/19/05
    http://www.erh.noaa.gov/car/WCM/Maine-Ly Weather/Spring 2004/convectiveamateurs.htm

    For some photos see:
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/628709.stm 1/18/05
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/hereford/worcs/3090649.stm
    http://www.sciencenews.org/articles/20020209/bob8.asp

    http://www.prometheus2.net/bl-tokyo.pdf

    http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/1994/93JD01021.shtml

    http://scholar.google.com/url?q=http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/index/DBKL8LUPTR291DUP.pdf

    http://www.sciencedirect.com/scienc...serid=10&md5=05d4aaecec89b1a9f2d230a245cea865

    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=1994RSPTA.347...83T&db_key=AST

    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=2000JGR...105.4719S&db_key=AST

    http://arxiv.org/ftp/astro-ph/papers/0212/0212251.pdf
    PF Thread: https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=57039

    http://radarmet.atmos.colostate.edu...003/proceedings/ThC3-004-067_Handel_et_al.pdf

    http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/abs_free.jsp?arNumber=550675

    http://www.ucm.es/info/electron/publicaciones/ranada/PLA23297.pdf

    http://www.iop.org/EJ/article/0305-4470/35/11/101/a211l1.html

    http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0306/0306072.pdf

    From an engineering student at Penn State. Contributed by Wolram.
    - dead link -

    1/11/05
    http://www.fis.unipr.it/~albino/documenti/Bibliografia_BL.html

    1/11/05
    http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0302/0302063.pdf

    http://www.electronpowersystems.com/Images/Ball Lightning Explained.pdf
    https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=115279
    Thanks Wolram.

    Dead links will be repaired when possible. Some papers may no longer be available online.

    More to come...
     
    Last edited: Jan 9, 2009
  5. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Earthlights and Earthquake Lights

    http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF0/083.html

    http://www.science-frontiers.com/sf074/sf074g14.htm

    http://serpiente.dgsca.unam.mx/serv_hem/revistas/fisica/1996/04/araiza.html

    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=2002AGUFM.A71B0104L&db_key=AST

    http://www.geocities.com/sonoluminescence2004/Silica.PDF

    http://www.kluweronline.com/article.asp?PIPS=5141052&PDF=1

    http://www.ingentaconnect.com/search/expand?pub=infobike://sse/jse/2003/00000017/00000001/art00004


    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=2002PEPI..130..285T&db_key=AST


    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=1985GeoRL..12..211L&db_key=AST

    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=1983Natur.302...28L&db_key=AST

    to be continued...
     
    Last edited: Jan 13, 2005
  6. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Fireballs [typically not considered to be ball lightning]

    I was amazed to discover that the Naga Fireballs, or "Bung Fai Phaya Naga", are not only a common occurance in Thailand, they appear at about the same time each year. This is a very interesting and surprising read. Related information will be posted as it becomes available.

    http://www.tatnews.org/emagazine/1611.asp


    http://www.science-frontiers.com/sf074/sf074g14.htm

    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/hep-ph/pdf/0207/0207175.pdf
    PF Thread: https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=59826

    http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2001/pdf/5002.pdf

    http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/abs_free.jsp?arNumber=605184

    http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/abs_free.jsp?arNumber=1030655

    http://www.turpion.org/php/paper.phtml?journal_id=pu&paper_id=1424

    http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/abs_free.jsp?arNumber=606345

    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=2001APS..DPPFI2006T&db_key=PHY

    http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/abs_free.jsp?arNumber=854993


    More to come
     
    Last edited: Jan 15, 2005
  7. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Sprites, Jets, Starters, ELVES, and now, TIGERs

    http://thunder.nsstc.nasa.gov/bookshelf/pubs/sprites.html
    PF Thread https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=58227


    http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2005-01/agu-ccc011705.php
    PF Thread: https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=60149

    2/1/05
    http://elf.gi.alaska.edu/

    2/1/05
    http://www-star.stanford.edu/~vlf/optical/press/elves97sciam/

    to be continued
     
    Last edited: Feb 1, 2005
  8. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Earth: Other Anomalies

    http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/docs/usgsnps/deva/racetrack.pdf
    PF Thread: https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?p=437132#post437132
     
    Last edited: Jan 24, 2005
  9. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Methane Clathrate Hydrate

    Likely capable of sinking ships and downing aircraft, potentially an extinction level threat to humanity, a key to solving planetary riddles, as well promising to yield vast reserves of energy to be exploited, methane clathrate hydrate deposits may account for some anomalous maritime incidents, and other unusual reports as well.


    Search this site for links and information. Direct links not possible.
    U.S. Department of Energy
    National Energy Technology Laboratory

    http://www.netl.doe.gov/

    http://dieoff.org/page225.htm

    http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0308/0308058.pdf

    http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/abs_free.jsp?arNumber=968374

    http://www.mines.edu/research/chs/Shirotaresub.pdf

    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=1996Sci...273.1843S&db_key=AST

    http://www.agu.org/pubs/sample_articles/cr/2002JB001872/2002JB001872.pdf

    http://journals.iucr.org/a/issues/2002/s1/00/a31117/a31117.pdf

    http://scholar.google.com/url?q=http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/index/B9AL0XX69YBUT8Q4.pdf

    http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/abstract/108066050/ABSTRACT

    http://owen.nhm.ac.uk/odp/publications/164_SR/VOLUME/CHAPTERS/SR164_04.PDF

    to be continued...
     
    Last edited: Jan 7, 2005
  10. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Rogue Waves

    http://www.opc.ncep.noaa.gov/perfectstorm/mpc_ps_rogue.shtml


    http://amath.colorado.edu/faculty/fornberg/Docs/JCP_1998_freak_waves.pdf

    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/nlin/pdf/0104/0104055.pdf

    http://ism.fb12.tu-berlin.de/MT/Forschung/forschdownloads/OMAE2002-28459.pdf

    http://borris.glerl.noaa.gov/res/Task_rpts/2002/ppliu02-3.html

    http://borris.glerl.noaa.gov/res/region/international/asia.html

    More NOAA links
    http://www.firstgov.gov/fgsearch/in...submit=Submit&db=www&st=AS&rn=325&parsed=true

    http://ism.fb12.tu-berlin.de/MT/Forschung/forschdownloads/ISOPE2003-JSC-371.pdf

    http://ism.fb12.tu-berlin.de/MT/Forschung/forschdownloads/MAXWAVE_FINAL_WP7.pdf

    http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/abs_free.jsp?arNumber=1278250

    http://scholar.google.com/url?q=http://www.springerlink.com/index/W4RA2XD92X36VQ6E.pdf

    http://www.ifremer.fr/metocean/conferences/stw_abstracts/dysthe.pdf

    http://www.oceanweather.com/7thwave/Papers/Gunson_Magnusson.pdf

    http://www.onr.navy.mil/sci_tech/ocean/reports/docs/cd/00/cderte.pdf

    http://w3g.gkss.de/projects/maxwave/meetings/Genf/Wps/wp4.pdf

    to be continued
     
    Last edited: Nov 27, 2006
  11. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Mind and Body: Consciousness

    1/15/05
    *****PF Discussion: A Place for Consciousness*******
    https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=59766

    http://www.julianjaynes.org/pdf/jaynes_mind.pdf
    PF Thread: https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=58745

    http://www.bbsonline.org/Preprints/OldArchive/bbs.block.html

    http://jamaica.u.arizona.edu/~chalmers/papers/facing.html

    http://scholar.google.com/url?q=http://ntp.neuroscience.wisc.edu/faculty/fac-art/tononi282.pdf

    http://www.annalsnyas.org/cgi/content/abstract/929/1/111

    http://scholar.google.com/url?q=http://journals.cambridge.org/article_S0140525X01410119

    http://content.apa.org/journals/bul/121/3/331

    http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=44408

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...ve&db=PubMed&list_uids=10447995&dopt=Citation

    http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/...l,76,104;linkingpublicationresults,1:102022,1

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=9787056&dopt=Citation

    http://scholar.google.com/url?q=htt.../intdevcogneuro/Llinas_etal_PhilTran_1998.pdf

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...ve&db=PubMed&list_uids=11164029&dopt=Citation

    http://scholar.google.com/url?q=htt...aeneNaccache_WorkspaceModel_Cognition2001.pdf

    http://scholar.google.com/url?q=htt...people/j_fiser/PDFs/Grossberg_ConscCogn99.pdf
     
    Last edited: Jan 15, 2005
  12. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Consciousness: Continued

    1/11/05
    http://www.imprint.co.uk/Wilber.htm

    1/11/05
    http://arxiv.org/ftp/gr-qc/papers/0007/0007006.pdf

    1/11/05
    http://www.marilia.unesp.br/atividades/extensao/revista/v3/artigo4.html

    1/11/05
    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/quant-ph/pdf/0106/0106103.pdf

    1/11/05
    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/quant-ph/pdf/0111/0111096.pdf

    1/11/05
    http://arxiv.org/ftp/quant-ph/papers/0208/0208068.pdf

    1/11/05
    http://scholar.google.com/url?q=http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00002827/01/SpinNature.pdf

    1/11/05
    http://scholar.google.com/url?q=http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00002579/01/SpinMind2.pdf

    1/11/05
    http://www.ingentaconnect.com/search/expand?pub=infobike://imp/jcs/2001/00000008/F0020009/1228

    http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=50549

    http://www.datadiwan.de/SciMedNet/library/articlesN75+/N76Parnia_nde.htm

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=9249959&dopt=Citation
    PF Thread: https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=56040

    http://www.cts.cuni.cz/~konopas/liter/Edwards_Imitation and Artifice in Apes Humans.htm
    PF Thread: https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=56597

    To be continued...
     
    Last edited: Jan 11, 2005
  13. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Consciousness continued

    1/20/05
    http://www.physics.helsinki.fi/~matpitka/articles/nutshellc.html

    1/17/05
    http://psylux.psych.tu-dresden.de/a.../WS2003/Volition und Kontrolle/Wegner BBS.pdf

    1/17/05
    http://perso.wanadoo.fr/basuyaux/parapsy_fr/documents/levin/ijp2001.pdf

    1/11/05
    http://www.ingentaconnect.com/search/expand?pub=infobike://imp/jcs/2001/00000008/F0020009/1233

    http://members.aol.com/Mszlazak/BOHM.html

    http://www.igpp.de/english/tda/pdf/echo4.pdf

    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=1989PhDT.......102R&db_key=AST

    http://www.ingentaconnect.com/search/expand?pub=infobike://imp/jcs/2002/00000009/00000004/1266

    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/quant-ph/pdf/9905/9905053.pdf

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...ve&db=PubMed&list_uids=11531729&dopt=Citation
     
    Last edited: Jan 20, 2005
  14. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    The Placebo Effect

    1/23/05
    http://www.forensic-psych.com/articles/artPlaceboeffect12.02.html

    1/23/05
    http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.c...nal,6,12;linkingpublicationresults,1:105578,1

    1/23/05
    http://www.ingentaconnect.com/search/expand?pub=infobike://arn/pr/1999/00000006/00000002/art00002


    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=9449934&dopt=Citation

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=11372012&dopt=Citation

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&list_uids=8740611&dopt=Citation

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=8712773&dopt=Citation

    http://www.ncchta.org/execsumm/summ303.htm

    http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/309/6947/69

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...ve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12044130&dopt=Citation

    http://www.annals.org/cgi/content/full/136/6/471

    More to come...
     
    Last edited: Jan 23, 2005
  15. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Holistic and Alternative Medical Practices

    http://www.fclk.dk/videnskab/hm1.pdf

    http://pmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/79/938/672
     
    Last edited: Jan 23, 2005
  16. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Physics: The Measurement Problem - dead or alive?

    http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/qt-measurement/

    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/quant-ph/pdf/0112/0112095.pdf

    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/gr-qc/pdf/9808/9808033.pdf

    http://www.kluweronline.com/article.asp?PIPS=125835

    http://scholar.google.com/url?q=http://www.vub.ac.be/CLEA/aerts/publications/1994MeasMod.pdf

    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/quant-ph/pdf/9610/9610037.pdf

    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/quant-ph/pdf/9604/9604013.pdf

    http://www.kluweronline.com/article.asp?PIPS=296522&PDF=1


    http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v76/i16/p2836_1

    More to come
     
    Last edited: Jan 10, 2005
  17. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Physics: Entanglement

    http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/qt-epr/

    http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/qt-entangle/


    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=2003EL.....63..166B&db_key=AST

    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/quant-ph/pdf/0402/0402023.pdf

    http://arxiv.org/ftp/quant-ph/papers/0307/0307117.pdf

    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/quant-ph/pdf/0104/0104123.pdf

    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/quant-ph/pdf/0107/0107093.pdf

    http://scitation.aip.org/getabs/ser...00091000011110405000001&idtype=cvips&gifs=yes

    http://www.math.ruu.nl/people/gill/Preprints/hpcomment.pdf

    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/quant-ph/pdf/0210/0210081.pdf

    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/quant-ph/pdf/0103/0103002.pdf

    To be continued...
     
    Last edited: Jan 13, 2005
  18. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Space and SETI

    http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/gr-qc/pdf/0104/0104064.pdf
    PF Thread: https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=57603&page=1&pp=15

    TRANSIENT LUNAR PHENOMENA
    http://www.ltpresearch.org/image/2004Jul.pdf

    http://www.indermuehle.com/astro/tidal-forces2.pdf

    http://www.ast.cam.ac.uk/~ipswich/Observations/TLP.htm

    http://copernicus.subdomain.de/Transient_lunar_phenomenon

    http://www.wfs.be.schule.de/pages/torricelli/E_index.html

    to be continued
     
    Last edited: Jan 20, 2005
  19. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Open Questions in Physics as per John Baez
    http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/General/open_questions.html
     
    Last edited: Apr 25, 2005
  20. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    The Anomaly Formerly Known as Cold Fusion

    There is credible controversy over the proper explanation for the results obtained by various groups.

    DOE Report: Dec 1st, 2004
    http://www.science.doe.gov/Sub/Newsroom/News_Releases/DOE-SC/2004/low_energy/CF_Final_120104.pdf

    Reviewers comments
    http://newenergytimes.com/DOE/2004-DOE-ReviewerComments.pdf

    Scientific Papers Selected for the 2004 U.S. Department of Energy Cold Fusion Review
    http://www.newenergytimes.com/doe/7papers.htm

    http://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/MAR05/SessionIndex/55/?SessionEventID=28515

    More to come...
     
    Last edited: Jan 31, 2005
  21. Ivan Seeking

    Ivan Seeking 12,529
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    Humanity

    Hobbits
    http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/10/1027_041027_homo_floresiensis.html
    PF Thread https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=50063&highlight=Hobbit
    For a little wild speculation, see also PF thread: https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=50855

    Anasazi, The Ancient Ones
    http://www.northwestcollege.edu/id/wilsonr/2003Capstone/AshleeMASON.pdf

    Scientists Study Anasazi Calender
    http://tv.ksl.com/index.php?nid=5&sid=157234

    The Colony At Roanoke
    http://www.nationalcenter.org/ColonyofRoanoke.html
    http://www.libraryreference.org/roanoke.html

    Information Technology and the Future of Cities
    http://www-agecon.ag.ohio-state.edu/class/AEDE680/Irwin/pdf/60.pdf
    PF Thread:https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=59909

    More to come...
     
    Last edited: Apr 25, 2005
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