Crossing a river

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Homework Statement


A swimmer wants to cross a river, from point A to point B, as shown in the figure. The distance d_1 (from A to C) is 200m , the distance d_2 (from C to B) is 150m, and the speed v_r of the current in the river is 5 km/h. Suppose that the swimmer's velocity relative to the water makes an angle of [tex]\theta = 45 degrees[/tex] with the line from A to C, as indicated in the figure.

To swim directly from A to B, what speed u_s, relative to the water, should the swimmer have?


Homework Equations


I would think that you would use nothing more than some trig, Pythagorean theorem and stuff about adding and subtracting vectors



The Attempt at a Solution



I have no idea how to attempt this solution. I don't know where to even start. I know the answer is 4.04km/h but I have no idea how to get to that answer. Where should I start?
 

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  • #2
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Well don't all jump up at once now!
 
  • #3
Doc Al
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What direction must the swimmer's velocity have with respect to the shore? Hint: The velocity of the swimmer with respect to the shore = velocity of the swimmer with respect to the water + velocity of water with respect to the shore.
 

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