Curl of Induced E Field?

  • Thread starter Sturk200
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  • #1
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I have a problem. So the curl of the E field is supposed to be zero always, which tells us that it is a conservative force (path independence and scalar potential and so on). But what about the fact that the induced electric field consequent upon changes in magnetic flux is circular? Doesn't this mean that if we sustained such a field we would have a non-conservative electric field?

Is this a problem, or is it just that the claim about electric fields having zero curl has application only to electrostatics?
 

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  • #2
MarcusAgrippa
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I have a problem. So the curl of the E field is supposed to be zero always, which tells us that it is a conservative force (path independence and scalar potential and so on). But what about the fact that the induced electric field consequent upon changes in magnetic flux is circular? Doesn't this mean that if we sustained such a field we would have a non-conservative electric field?

Is this a problem, or is it just that the claim about electric fields having zero curl has application only to electrostatics?
The curl of the E-field is zero only if the E-field is time independent, i.e. electrostatics. In the dynamic case, the curl of the E-field is the negative rate of change of the B-field, which is not zero in general. This makes the dynamic E-field non-conservative, with the path integral around a closed loop equal to the EMF in the circuit which drives the current.
 
  • #3
Dale
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the curl of the E field is supposed to be zero always
No, ##\nabla \times E=-\partial B/\partial t##
 
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  • #4
MarcusAgrippa
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No, ##\nabla \times E=\partial B/\partial t##
Don't forget the negative sign.
 
  • #5
Dale
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