# Curling Force Problem

## Homework Statement

Barney is practicing his sweeping techniques for an upcoming curling tournament. He exerts a force on a 1.1-kg broom as he walks across a tile floor at a constant speed. The coefficient of friction between the floor and the broom is 0.45 and the broom handle makes an angle of 41° with the horizontal. Determine the amount of force with which Barney pushes downward (along the handle of the broom) in order to achieve this constant speed motion. Begin with a free body diagram. (ans: 10.6N)

F=ma

## The Attempt at a Solution

I created a FBD and using the info from the question I came up with
(10.78N)+(Fsin41°)=Fnorm
Fn=11.44N
(0.45)(Fn)=Fcos41°
F=6.82N now if this is my horizontal force then it will be the same as my friction force since the broom isn't accelerating.
If I want the force on the broom then using SOH CAH TOA. I take A/cos41 = 9.03N. I'm at a loss of how to find 10.6N

PeroK
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## Homework Statement

Barney is practicing his sweeping techniques for an upcoming curling tournament. He exerts a force on a 1.1-kg broom as he walks across a tile floor at a constant speed. The coefficient of friction between the floor and the broom is 0.45 and the broom handle makes an angle of 41° with the horizontal. Determine the amount of force with which Barney pushes downward (along the handle of the broom) in order to achieve this constant speed motion. Begin with a free body diagram. (ans: 10.6N)

F=ma

## The Attempt at a Solution

I created a FBD and using the info from the question I came up with
(10.78N)+(Fsin41°)=Fnorm
Fn=11.44N
(0.45)(Fn)=Fcos41°
F=6.82N now if this is my horizontal force then it will be the same as my friction force since the broom isn't accelerating.
If I want the force on the broom then using SOH CAH TOA. I take A/cos41 = 9.03N. I'm at a loss of how to find 10.6N

I think you are correct until the end. You have:

##0.45F_n = F \cos(\theta)##

What did you do after that?

Correction: how did you get ##F_n = 6.82N##? That can't be right.

• Schaus
Well if (10.78)+(sin41)=11.44N then
(0.45)(11.44)=Fcos41
5.148=Fcos41 divide both sides by cos41
F=6.82N

PeroK
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2020 Award
Well if (10.78)+(sin41)=11.44N then
(0.45)(11.44)=Fcos41
5.148=Fcos41 divide both sides by cos41
F=6.82N

How do you know the normal force is ##11.44N##?

• Schaus
I thought that if I put the (10.78)+(Sin41) in my calculator that I have my Fn now?

PeroK
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I thought that if I put the (10.78)+(Sin41) in my calculator that I have my Fn now?

Where did the ##F## disappear to? It should be ##F \sin\theta##

• Schaus
Oh woops! Ok so now if I sub (10.78N)+(Fsin41°)=Fnorm
(0.45)(Fn)=Fcos41°
(0.45)(10.78N)+(Fsin41°)=Fcos41°
But now if I move the Fsin41 over to Fcos41 won't that cancel out my F?

PeroK
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2020 Award
Oh woops! Ok so now if I sub (10.78N)+(Fsin41°)=Fnorm
(0.45)(Fn)=Fcos41°
(0.45)(10.78N)+(Fsin41°)=Fcos41°
But now if I move the Fsin41 over to Fcos41 won't that cancel out my F?

The coeff of friction applies to all of ##F_n##. In any case, you just need a bit algebra now.

• Schaus
(0.45)(10.78N)+(Fsin41°)=Fcos41°
4.851N=Fcos41°-Fsin41° won't this cancel out my F's though? Meaning I have no variable anymore?

PeroK
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(0.45)(10.78N)+(Fsin41°)=Fcos41°
4.851N=Fcos41°-Fsin41° won't this cancel out my F's though? Meaning I have no variable anymore?

That's still wrong. The coeff of friction applies to the ##F\sin\theta##. In any case, I don't see why ##F## would cancel out of the equation.

• Schaus
Sorry, I'm a bit lost. I'll try to show you what I think you mean.
(0.45)(10.78N)+(Fsin41°)=Fcos41°
4.851+(Fsin41°)=Fcos41°
4.851+(F(0.656))=F(0.755)
5.507N=F(0.755)
7.29N = F
I'm not sure what I'm doing wrong.

(0.45)(Fn)=Fcos41°
(0.45)(10.78N)+(Fsin41°)=Fcos41°
The first line is right, but the second line is wrong. Just an algebra error.
It should be: (0.45)(10.78) + (0.45)(Fsin41) = Fcos41

• Schaus
PeroK
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Sorry, I'm a bit lost. I'll try to show you what I think you mean.
(0.45)(10.78N)+(Fsin41°)=Fcos41°
4.851+(Fsin41°)=Fcos41°
4.851+(F(0.656))=F(0.755)
5.507N=F(0.755)
7.29N = F
I'm not sure what I'm doing wrong.

You were doing all right in your first post. You got:

##F_n = mg + F \sin\theta##

##F_f = 0.45F_n##

Where ##F_f## is the frictional force. And:

##F_f = F \cos \theta \ ## (for equilibrium)

You had all that. But, then you went wrong. You should have got:

##F \cos \theta = 0.45F_n = 0.45 ( mg + F \sin\theta)##

You just applied the ##0.45## to the first term in the normal force. You must apply it to all of the normal force.

To finish this off, you can in fact just plug in all the numbers and you'll get a numeric equation for ##F##.

• Schaus
Ok I understand my error with the co-efficient of friction now. But now I'm getting 6.82N again...sorry, I'll show you what I'm doing
(0.45)(10.78) + (0.45)(Fsin41) = Fcos41
4.851 + 0.295 = Fcos41
5.15 = Fcos41 if I divide both sides by cos 41 I get 6.82 again
6.82N = F

PeroK
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Ok I understand my error with the co-efficient of friction now. But now I'm getting 6.82N again...sorry, I'll show you what I'm doing
(0.45)(10.78) + (0.45)(Fsin41) = Fcos41
4.851 + 0.295F = Fcos41
5.15 = Fcos41 if I divide both sides by cos 41 I get 6.82 again
6.82N = F

You've just dropped one of the ##F's## out of the equation. I've highlighted it in bold above.

• Schaus
I'm sorry this just doesn't seem to be clicking.
(0.45)(10.78) + (0.45)(Fsin41) = Fcos41
4.851 + 0.295F = Fcos41
-0.295F = 0.705Fcos41
4.851 = 0.705F cos41 divide both sides by .705 then cos 41 and I get 9.12N
6.88 = Fcos41
9.12 = F
I hope I'm at least going in the right direction and I really appreciate both your help!

PeroK
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Gold Member
2020 Award
I'm sorry this just doesn't seem to be clicking.
(0.45)(10.78) + (0.45)(Fsin41) = Fcos41
4.851 + 0.295F = Fcos41
-0.295F = 0.705Fcos41
4.851 = 0.705F cos41 divide both sides by .705 then cos 41 and I get 9.12N
6.88 = Fcos41
9.12 = F
I hope I'm at least going in the right direction and I really appreciate both your help!

I'm not sure why you calculated ##sin(41)## but not ##cos(41) = 0.755##. So, you should have:

##4.851 + 0.295F = 0.755F##

Can you finish it off from there?

• Schaus
Oh wow that was a bit stupid on my part! It makes sense now! Thanks for all your help, really appreciate it!