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[tex]

\Phi(\vec{r}) = \int\int_{\Omega} \frac{k_e dq(\vec{r'})}{|\vec{r}-\vec{r'}|}[/tex]

with respect to x, y, and z, and asumming that [tex]\Omega[/tex] is independent of x,y, and z show the electric field, can be writen as

[tex]\vec{E}=\frac{-\partial{\Phi}}{\partial{x}}\hat{\vect{e_x}}-\frac{\partial{\Phi}}{\partial{y}}\hat{\vect{e_y}}-\frac{\partial{\Phi}}{\partial{z}}\hat{\vect{e_z}}[/tex]

the problem is how to do I do the diriv of the the dq(r') function? no idea...probley chain rule any hints also help