1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Damped oscillations

  1. Jan 11, 2005 #1
    A pendulum of length 1.00 m is released from an initial angle of 18.0°. After 500 s, its amplitude is reduced by friction to 5.5°. What is the value of b/2m?

    i have no idea how to do this prooblem, the book goes over this section really briefly....

    what the heck is b/2m?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 11, 2005 #2

    HallsofIvy

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor

    Go back and read that brief section again. In particular read the problem itself carefully so you can tell us what "b" means in terms of this particular problem (I'm willing to guess that "m" is the mass of the pendulum).
     
  4. Jan 11, 2005 #3
    b is related to the strength of the resistance force, and the restoring force exerted on the system is -kx


    they give this formula to find the angular frequency:

    w= square root of [(k/m)-(b/2m)^2]
     
  5. Jan 11, 2005 #4
    w= square root of [(k/m)-(b/2m)^2]

    so,
    b/2m = damping parameter = square root of [(k/m)-w^2],
    where w = (2*pi)/(2*T),
    and 2*T is the "period" of the damped oscillator (T is the time between adjacent zero x-axis crossings).

    I think you should be able to find T and thus your answer.

    Note: in the case of underdamped motion like this problem, k/m is greater than (b/2m)^2. Also, realize that the "period" 2*T is not actually periodic - each period becomes smaller and smaller so only a given time period is useful. Hope that helps a little.
     
    Last edited: Jan 11, 2005
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?



Similar Discussions: Damped oscillations
  1. Damped Oscillator (Replies: 1)

  2. Damped oscillations (Replies: 3)

  3. Damped Oscillator (Replies: 6)

  4. Damped Oscillator (Replies: 2)

Loading...