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DC generator question please help

  1. Mar 16, 2006 #1
    DC generator question please help....

    Please could I get some help with the following question:

    An open circuit voltage of a d.c. generator driven at 1800rpm with rated field current is 85Volts. The resistance of the armature is 4.3 ohms. If a resistive load of 50 ohms is connected to the armature terminals, what will be the power delivered to this load when the machine is driven at 2400rpm?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 16, 2006 #2

    chroot

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    This question requires some assumptions. Does the open-circuit DC voltage of the generator vary linearly with its speed?

    If so, you just need to solve for the voltage of the generator at 2400 rpm, then find the current through the loop (50 ohms + 4.3 ohms = 54.3 ohms), then find the power dissipated in the load resistor (P = I2R).

    - Warren
     
  4. Mar 16, 2006 #3
    Thanks but im a bit lost with your explanation. The first step i thought i had to take was to find the armature current. simply using V=IR? is this correct? so it would be 85/4.3 = 19.77A ........... but i really am lost as to the next step...........
     
  5. Mar 16, 2006 #4

    chroot

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    If the armature is not connected to anything (it's "open circuit"), then the current through it is zero, not 19.77 A.

    What you want to do first is find the open circuit voltage of the generator at speed.

    Next, find out how much current would flow when the load resistor is connected. The completed circuit has two resistors in it -- one's 50 ohms and the other is 4.3 ohms.

    Next, find out how much power is dissipated by the load resistor alone. The power dissipated by a resistor is given by P = I2R.

    Follow these steps exactly. I can't really give you any more hints; I'd just be doing the problem for you.

    - Warren
     
  6. Mar 16, 2006 #5
    thanks but i have one final question and need another push in the right direction if possible. Iv just been looking through some similar examples and to me it seems you are required to know the field current to find the open circuit voltage of the generator at the new speed. In my question no field current value is given?????
     
  7. Mar 16, 2006 #6

    chroot

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    All you need to analyze a DC loop composed of resistors is the voltage and the resistances.

    I honestly do not know how you're supposed to find the voltage at the new speed -- as I said in my first post, there problem has some assumptions. I assume that your textbook (or teacher) can help you further.

    - Warren
     
  8. Mar 16, 2006 #7
    I think iv cracked it...........does this sound right................
    Voltage = 85 x (2400/1800) = 113.33 Volts
    Now V=IR 113.33/54.3 = 2.09 Amps
    And finally P = (2.09^2)50
    = 217.81 Watts
     
  9. Mar 16, 2006 #8

    chroot

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    Looks right, cabellos!

    - Warren
     
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