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Deformation of ball in elastic collision

  1. Aug 14, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A soccer ball with radius R = 11 cm is inflated to a gauge pressure of 9×104 Pa. The ball is dropped onto and bounces elastically off of a hard smooth floor. Find approximate expressions for the surface area of the ball in contact with the floor, the amount of time the ball is in contact with the floor, and the peak force exerted on the floor, if the mass of the ball is 0.42 kg and it is dropped from a height of 0.1 m onto the floor.

    2. Relevant equations

    Potential energy of falling object [tex]mgh[/tex]

    Conditions of perfectly elastic collision: [tex] \frac{mv_{i}^{2}}{2} = \frac{mv_{f}^{2}}{2}[/tex]


    3. The attempt at a solution

    I think I can calculate the change in volume of the ball by equation the kinetic energy of the ball on contact with the floor (equal to the original potential energy mgh) with the work done to compress the ball against the internal pressure i.e PdV.

    After this I'm lost. How can I calculate the fraction of a spheres surface in contact with the flat surface and relate this to the change in volume?

    I think if I knew this I might be able to calculate the time the ball is in contact with the surface by considering the change in momentum when the ball bounces back and then using the equation for impulse to work out the time scale for this relationship.

    Any help would be appreciated.
     
  2. jcsd
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