Demagnetizing field

  1. Can anybody enlighten me on what demagnetizing field is and how it comes to existence?
  2. jcsd
  3. clem

    clem 1,276
    Science Advisor

    At the end of a bar magnet, H points in the opposite direction to M and B. This is due to the boundary condition on H at the end of a magnet. In many books, this is called a
    "demagnetizing field". That is a misnomer, because it is B and not H that acts to polarize the atoms in the iron. Since B near the end of the magnet is 1/2 its value at the middle, there is some tendency for the magnet to lose a bit of its magnetization (M) over time.
  4. I'll try to absorb what you said, and then come back.
    Thanks for your post
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